Poverty in Mobile, Alabama

What is the poverty rate in Mobile, Alabama?
The poverty rate in Mobile is 22.4%. One out of every 4.5 residents of Mobile lives in poverty.

How many people in Mobile, Alabama live in poverty?
41,277 of 184,484 Mobile residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Mobile compare to the rest of Alabama?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Alabama is 18.0%, meaning Mobile has a meaningfully higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Alabama.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate

Mobile, Alabama Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

21.9% 15.3%

2011

22.3% 2.0% 15.9%

2012

26.4% 18.0% 15.9%

2013

25.2% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

23.4% 7.0% 15.5%

2015

19.7% 18.0% 14.7%

2016

21.4% 8.0% 14.0%

2017

20.8% 2.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

93,089

31.0% 25.2% 48.5%

Asian

3,147

16.7% 11.9% 1.6%

Other

1,244

25.8% 23.8% 0.6%

Two Or More Races

3,272

17.3% 18.4% 1.7%

White

79,957

13.0% 10.3% 41.6%

Hispanic

5,252

18.7% 22.2% 2.7%

What's the Poverty Rate in Mobile, Alabama By Race?

31.0% of Black residents of Mobile, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Mobile, Alabama is the same as than the national average. 28,831 of 93,089 black Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 48.5% of the total population of Mobile, Alabama are black.

16.7% of Asian residents of Mobile, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Mobile, Alabama is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 526 of 3,147 asian Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Mobile, Alabama is asian.

13.0% of White residents of Mobile, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Mobile, Alabama is the same as than the national average. 10,392 of 79,957 white Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 41.6% of the total population of Mobile, Alabama are white.

18.7% of Hispanic residents of Mobile, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Mobile, Alabama is the same as than the national average. 980 of 5,252 hispanic Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 2.7% of the total population of Mobile, Alabama are hispanic.

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Mobile, Alabama?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Mobile, Alabama is 20.4%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Mobile, Alabama is 24.1%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Mobile, Alabama

Female residents of Mobile, Alabama are moderately(18%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

17,562 of 86,253 males in Mobile live below the poverty line.

23,715 of 98,231 females in Mobile live below the poverty line.

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Mobile can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 33.2%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.

Poverty for younger ages in Mobile is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 35.6%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 34.1%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Mobile can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 33.6%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 29.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 33.6%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Mobile, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 33.1%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Mobile, Alabama?

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

39.7%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

32.7%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

31.9%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

21.1%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

13.4%

75 to 84 Years Old

11.5%

Over 85 Years Old

12.5%

Mobile, Alabama Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Mobile, Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Mobile, Alabama who were born citizens of the United States is 22.6%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Mobile, Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 17.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Mobile, Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Residents of Mobile, Alabama who were born as US Citizens have a higher poverty rate than those who were born citizens of a country outside of the United States.

Of the 178,030 residents of Mobile, Alabama who were born citizens of the United States, 40,161 (22.6%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 1,116 (17.3%) of 6,454 residents of Mobile, Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Mobile, Alabama

The poverty rate in Mobile is 22.4%.
Mobile is in Mobile County.
Alabama Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Mobile County.
City Poverty Rate
Bayou La Batre 31.6%
Axis 7.7%
Chickasaw 38.6%
Citronelle 21.1%
Creola 16.1%
Dauphin Island 1.3%
Grand Bay 9.7%
Mobile 22.4%
Mount Vernon 25.4%
Prichard 35.1%
Saraland 8.9%
Satsuma 9.5%
Theodore 11.4%
Tillmans Corner 18.2%

Alabama Poverty Rate By County

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