Poverty in Fresno, California

What is the poverty rate in Fresno, California?
The poverty rate in Fresno is 28.4%. One out of every 3.5 residents of Fresno lives in poverty.

How many people in Fresno, California live in poverty?
144,946 of 510,489 Fresno residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Fresno compare to the rest of California?
The Poverty Rate across the state of California is 15.1%, meaning Fresno has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of California.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Fresno, California Poverty Rate

Fresno, California Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

30.2% 15.3%

2011

28.8% 4.0% 15.9%

2012

31.5% 9.0% 15.9%

2013

32.8% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

30.5% 7.0% 15.5%

2015

28.4% 7.0% 14.7%

2016

28.1% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

23.7% 18.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Fresno, California Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

39,260

41.8% 25.2% 7.6%

American Indian

5,765

39.7% 26.8% 1.1%

Asian

69,928

28.3% 11.9% 13.5%

Other

83,115

35.6% 23.8% 16.0%

Two Or More Races

22,036

29.9% 18.4% 4.2%

White

139,077

14.7% 10.3% 26.8%

Hispanic

250,924

34.0% 22.2% 48.3%

What's the Poverty Rate in Fresno, California By Race?

41.8% of Black residents of Fresno, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Fresno, California is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 16,408 of 39,260 black Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 7.6% of the total population of Fresno, California are black.

28.3% of Asian residents of Fresno, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Fresno, California is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 19,776 of 69,928 asian Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 13.5% of the total population of Fresno, California are asian.

14.7% of White residents of Fresno, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Fresno, California is the same as than the national average. 20,490 of 139,077 white Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 26.8% of the total population of Fresno, California are white.

34.0% of Hispanic residents of Fresno, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Fresno, California is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 85,189 of 250,924 hispanic Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 48.3% of the total population of Fresno, California are hispanic.

Fresno, California Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Fresno, California?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Fresno, California is 26.9%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Fresno, California is 29.9%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Fresno, California

Female residents of Fresno, California are moderately(11%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

66,945 of 249,263 males in Fresno live below the poverty line.

78,001 of 261,226 females in Fresno live below the poverty line.

Fresno, California Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Fresno can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 35.4%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 23.6%.

Poverty for younger ages in Fresno is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 36.1%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 41.5%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Fresno can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 36.9%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 35.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 29.9%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Fresno, California have a Poverty Rate of 19.8%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Fresno, California Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Fresno, California?

Fresno, California Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Fresno, California Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

45.0%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

39.9%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

34.6%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

26.0%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

15.5%

75 to 84 Years Old

13.0%

Over 85 Years Old

11.5%

Fresno, California Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Fresno, California born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Fresno, California who were born citizens of the United States is 27.8%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Fresno, California who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 30.7%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Fresno, California born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Fresno, California have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 406,438 residents of Fresno, California who were born citizens of the United States, 112,968 (27.8%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 31,978 (30.7%) of 104,051 residents of Fresno, California who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Fresno, California

The poverty rate in Fresno is 28.4%.
Fresno is in Fresno County.
California Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Fresno County.
City Poverty Rate
Auberry 12.6%
Biola 31.0%
Firebaugh 30.0%
Fowler 21.6%
Huron 43.5%
Kerman 21.5%
Kingsburg 18.3%
Laton 43.8%
Malaga 29.1%
Mayfair 31.6%
Mendota 49.5%
Minkler 0.0%
Old Fig Garden 13.8%
Orange Cove 45.9%
Parlier 40.8%
Reedley 26.2%
Riverdale 36.5%
Sanger 29.2%
San Joaquin 43.9%
Selma 23.3%
Squaw Valley 8.1%
Sunnyside 15.3%
Tarpey Village 20.1%
Caruthers 17.9%
Clovis 12.7%
Coalinga 23.7%
Del Rey 49.4%
Easton 13.5%
Fresno 28.4%

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