Poverty in Chicago, Illinois

What is the poverty rate in Chicago, Illinois?
The poverty rate in Chicago is 20.6%. One out of every 4.8 residents of Chicago lives in poverty.

How many people in Chicago, Illinois live in poverty?
550,432 of 2,666,702 Chicago residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Chicago compare to the rest of Illinois?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Illinois is 13.5%, meaning Chicago has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Illinois.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate

Chicago, Illinois Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

22.5% 15.3%

2011

23.7% 5.0% 15.9%

2012

23.9% 0.0% 15.9%

2013

23.0% 3.0% 15.8%

2014

22.0% 4.0% 15.5%

2015

20.9% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

19.1% 9.0% 14.0%

2017

18.6% 2.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

811,483

32.0% 25.2% 29.8%

American Indian

7,607

21.0% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

164,879

19.0% 11.9% 6.1%

Other

302,010

22.2% 23.8% 11.1%

Two Or More Races

69,918

19.3% 18.4% 2.6%

White

868,095

9.7% 10.3% 31.9%

Hispanic

780,943

21.5% 22.2% 28.7%

What's the Poverty Rate in Chicago, Illinois By Race?

32.0% of Black residents of Chicago, Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Chicago, Illinois is the same as than the national average. 259,625 of 811,483 black Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 29.8% of the total population of Chicago, Illinois are black.

19.0% of Asian residents of Chicago, Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Chicago, Illinois is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 31,267 of 164,879 asian Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.1% of the total population of Chicago, Illinois are asian.

9.7% of White residents of Chicago, Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Chicago, Illinois is the same as than the national average. 84,207 of 868,095 white Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 31.9% of the total population of Chicago, Illinois are white.

21.5% of Hispanic residents of Chicago, Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Chicago, Illinois is the same as than the national average. 168,182 of 780,943 hispanic Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 28.7% of the total population of Chicago, Illinois are hispanic.

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Chicago, Illinois?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Chicago, Illinois is 18.8%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Chicago, Illinois is 22.4%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Chicago, Illinois

Female residents of Chicago, Illinois are moderately(19%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

242,417 of 1,290,534 males in Chicago live below the poverty line.

308,015 of 1,376,168 females in Chicago live below the poverty line.

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Chicago can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 30.3%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 16.9%.

Poverty for younger ages in Chicago is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 27.3%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 32.9%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Chicago can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 32.0%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 29.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 29.6%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Chicago, Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 27.5%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Chicago, Illinois?

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

29.6%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

32.3%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

30.4%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

18.1%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

16.6%

75 to 84 Years Old

17.4%

Over 85 Years Old

18.0%

Chicago, Illinois Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Chicago, Illinois born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Chicago, Illinois who were born citizens of the United States is 21.1%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Chicago, Illinois who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 18.9%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Chicago, Illinois born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Residents of Chicago, Illinois who were born as US Citizens have a higher poverty rate than those who were born citizens of a country outside of the United States.

Of the 2,108,999 residents of Chicago, Illinois who were born citizens of the United States, 445,132 (21.1%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 105,300 (18.9%) of 557,703 residents of Chicago, Illinois who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Chicago, Illinois

The poverty rate in Chicago is 20.6%.
Chicago is in Cook County, DuPage County.
Illinois Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Cook County, DuPage County.
City Poverty Rate
Alsip 10.1%
Bellwood 11.7%
Berkeley 7.5%
Berwyn 12.8%
Blue Island 19.2%
Bridgeview 18.7%
Broadview 7.8%
Brookfield 8.1%
Burbank 10.8%
Burnham 23.4%
Calumet City 21.5%
Calumet Park 18.5%
Chicago Heights 26.4%
Chicago Ridge 25.7%
Cicero 19.8%
Country Club Hills 10.7%
Countryside 11.0%
Crestwood 9.3%
Des Plaines 8.9%
Dixmoor 32.7%
Dolton 26.6%
East Hazel Crest 12.7%
Elmwood Park 9.2%
Evanston 13.3%
Evergreen Park 7.1%
Flossmoor 9.3%
Ford Heights 46.3%
Forest Park 10.1%
Franklin Park 7.7%
Glencoe 3.0%
Glenview 3.8%
Glenwood 12.3%
Harvey 35.6%
Harwood Heights 10.9%
Hazel Crest 14.7%
Hickory Hills 10.3%
Hillside 11.4%
Hodgkins 14.5%
Hometown 13.1%
Homewood 6.3%
Indian Head Park 2.2%
Inverness 0.7%
Justice 17.1%
Kenilworth 2.5%
La Grange 4.3%
La Grange Park 5.7%
Lansing 15.2%
Lincolnwood 5.4%
Lynwood 10.6%
Lyons 14.3%
Markham 25.2%
Maywood 19.1%
Melrose Park 19.1%
Merrionette Park 5.8%
Midlothian 7.3%
Morton Grove 7.2%
Mount Prospect 5.6%
Niles 9.9%
Norridge 8.7%
Northbrook 2.9%
Northfield 6.4%
Northlake 14.3%
North Riverside 10.8%
Oak Forest 7.1%
Oak Lawn 9.9%
Oak Park 8.3%
Olympia Fields 1.9%
Orland Hills 12.1%
Palos Heights 4.0%
Palos Hills 12.0%
Palos Park 3.4%
Park Ridge 4.4%
Phoenix 23.9%
Posen 27.5%
Prospect Heights 9.8%
Richton Park 20.2%
Riverdale 28.7%
River Forest 4.6%
River Grove 12.4%
Riverside 5.2%
Robbins 37.3%
Rolling Meadows 7.7%
Rosemont 20.1%
Schiller Park 13.7%
Skokie 9.8%
South Barrington 4.4%
South Chicago Heights 25.7%
South Holland 11.5%
Stickney 7.1%
Stone Park 15.7%
Streamwood 5.7%
Summit 19.7%
Thornton 10.6%
Westchester 5.3%
Western Springs 2.2%
Wilmette 3.3%
Winnetka 3.2%
Worth 10.8%

Illinois Poverty Rate By County

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