Poverty in Cleveland, Ohio

What is the poverty rate in Cleveland, Ohio?
The poverty rate in Cleveland is 35.2%. One out of every 2.8 residents of Cleveland lives in poverty.

How many people in Cleveland, Ohio live in poverty?
133,144 of 377,997 Cleveland residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Cleveland compare to the rest of Ohio?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Ohio is 14.9%, meaning Cleveland has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Ohio.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate

Cleveland, Ohio Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

34.0% 15.3%

2011

34.3% 0.0% 15.9%

2012

36.1% 5.0% 15.9%

2013

36.9% 2.0% 15.8%

2014

39.2% 6.0% 15.5%

2015

34.7% 12.0% 14.7%

2016

35.0% 0.0% 14.0%

2017

33.1% 5.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

191,993

42.9% 25.2% 49.4%

American Indian

1,817

38.4% 26.8% 0.5%

Asian

7,455

35.0% 11.9% 1.9%

Other

12,369

32.9% 23.8% 3.2%

Two Or More Races

15,122

39.9% 18.4% 3.9%

White

126,002

22.9% 10.3% 32.4%

Hispanic

42,863

35.7% 22.2% 11.0%

What's the Poverty Rate in Cleveland, Ohio By Race?

42.9% of Black residents of Cleveland, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Cleveland, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 82,429 of 191,993 black Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 49.4% of the total population of Cleveland, Ohio are black.

35.0% of Asian residents of Cleveland, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Cleveland, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 2,606 of 7,455 asian Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.9% of the total population of Cleveland, Ohio is asian.

22.9% of White residents of Cleveland, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Cleveland, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 10.3%. 28,811 of 126,002 white Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 32.4% of the total population of Cleveland, Ohio are white.

35.7% of Hispanic residents of Cleveland, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Cleveland, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 15,302 of 42,863 hispanic Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 11.0% of the total population of Cleveland, Ohio are hispanic.

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Cleveland, Ohio?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Cleveland, Ohio is 33.5%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Cleveland, Ohio is 36.8%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Cleveland, Ohio

Female residents of Cleveland, Ohio are slightly(9%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

60,487 of 180,310 males in Cleveland live below the poverty line.

72,657 of 197,687 females in Cleveland live below the poverty line.

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Cleveland can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 45.9%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 30.2%.

Poverty for younger ages in Cleveland is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 50.7%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 53.3%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Cleveland can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 50.1%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 42.9%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 35.0%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Cleveland, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 37.9%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Cleveland, Ohio?

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

56.4%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

52.8%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

45.2%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

32.8%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

25.0%

75 to 84 Years Old

19.3%

Over 85 Years Old

15.8%

Cleveland, Ohio Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Cleveland, Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Cleveland, Ohio who were born citizens of the United States is 35.2%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Cleveland, Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 35.4%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Cleveland, Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Cleveland, Ohio have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 358,476 residents of Cleveland, Ohio who were born citizens of the United States, 126,228 (35.2%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 6,916 (35.4%) of 19,521 residents of Cleveland, Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Cleveland, Ohio

The poverty rate in Cleveland is 35.2%.
Cleveland is in Cuyahoga County.
Ohio Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Cuyahoga County.
City Poverty Rate
Bay Village 3.1%
Beachwood 4.3%
Bedford 10.9%
Bedford Heights 13.9%
Berea 11.2%
Bratenahl 8.6%
Brecksville 4.4%
Broadview Heights 2.7%
Brooklyn 14.7%
Brooklyn Heights 4.2%
Brook Park 11.2%
Chagrin Falls 1.8%
Cleveland 35.2%
Cleveland Heights 18.7%
East Cleveland 40.5%
Euclid 21.9%
Fairview Park 10.1%
Garfield Heights 18.2%
Gates Mills 9.7%
Glenwillow 7.5%
Highland Heights 2.6%
Independence 2.3%
Lakewood 14.6%
Lyndhurst 4.6%
Maple Heights 22.1%
Mayfield 2.4%
Mayfield Heights 9.9%
Middleburg Heights 4.0%
Moreland Hills 2.9%
Newburgh Heights 22.6%
North Olmsted 7.5%
North Royalton 4.8%
Oakwood 20.2%
Olmsted Falls 2.8%
Orange 3.6%
Parma 9.3%
Parma Heights 10.0%
Pepper Pike 5.2%
Richmond Heights 12.6%
Rocky River 5.1%
Seven Hills 4.8%
Shaker Heights 8.6%
Solon 4.5%
South Euclid 13.1%
Strongsville 4.3%
University Heights 13.4%
Valley View 5.9%
Walton Hills 3.3%
Warrensville Heights 19.3%
Westlake 5.4%

Ohio Poverty Rate By County

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