Poverty in Columbus, Ohio

What is the poverty rate in Columbus, Ohio?
The poverty rate in Columbus is 20.8%. One out of every 4.8 residents of Columbus lives in poverty.

How many people in Columbus, Ohio live in poverty?
172,653 of 828,296 Columbus residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Columbus compare to the rest of Ohio?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Ohio is 14.9%, meaning Columbus has a significantly higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Ohio.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate

Columbus, Ohio Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

22.6% 15.3%

2011

23.2% 2.0% 15.9%

2012

21.8% 6.0% 15.9%

2013

22.7% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

21.5% 5.0% 15.5%

2015

20.7% 3.0% 14.7%

2016

21.0% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

19.8% 6.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

237,057

31.4% 25.2% 27.8%

American Indian

1,537

24.5% 26.8% 0.2%

Asian

43,243

20.9% 11.9% 5.1%

Other

14,582

37.0% 23.8% 1.7%

Two Or More Races

33,673

26.9% 18.4% 4.0%

White

467,137

14.0% 10.3% 54.8%

Hispanic

50,110

32.2% 22.2% 5.9%

What's the Poverty Rate in Columbus, Ohio By Race?

31.4% of Black residents of Columbus, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Columbus, Ohio is the same as than the national average. 74,361 of 237,057 black Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 27.8% of the total population of Columbus, Ohio are black.

20.9% of Asian residents of Columbus, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Columbus, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 9,059 of 43,243 asian Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Columbus, Ohio are asian.

14.0% of White residents of Columbus, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Columbus, Ohio is the same as than the national average. 65,191 of 467,137 white Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 54.8% of the total population of Columbus, Ohio are white.

32.2% of Hispanic residents of Columbus, Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Columbus, Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 16,144 of 50,110 hispanic Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.9% of the total population of Columbus, Ohio are hispanic.

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Columbus, Ohio?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Columbus, Ohio is 19.7%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Columbus, Ohio is 21.9%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Columbus, Ohio

Female residents of Columbus, Ohio are moderately(11%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

79,522 of 403,123 males in Columbus live below the poverty line.

93,131 of 425,173 females in Columbus live below the poverty line.

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Columbus can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 31.8%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 16.1%.

Poverty for younger ages in Columbus is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 24.6%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 33.4%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Columbus can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 30.0%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 25.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 40.8%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Columbus, Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 22.6%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Columbus, Ohio?

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

32.4%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

32.9%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

27.4%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

19.1%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

12.3%

75 to 84 Years Old

10.9%

Over 85 Years Old

11.2%

Columbus, Ohio Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Columbus, Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Columbus, Ohio who were born citizens of the United States is 19.9%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Columbus, Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 28.0%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Columbus, Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Columbus, Ohio have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 729,446 residents of Columbus, Ohio who were born citizens of the United States, 144,957 (19.9%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 27,696 (28.0%) of 98,850 residents of Columbus, Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Columbus, Ohio

The poverty rate in Columbus is 20.8%.
Columbus is in Delaware County, Fairfield County, Franklin County.
Ohio Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Delaware County, Fairfield County, Franklin County.
City Poverty Rate
Ashley 15.9%
Delaware 9.4%
Powell 1.0%
Sunbury 8.5%

Ohio Poverty Rate By County

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National Poverty Statistics

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Poverty Rate

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Columbus Food Stamps

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