Poverty in Chattanooga, Tennessee

What is the poverty rate in Chattanooga, Tennessee?
The poverty rate in Chattanooga is 20.7%. One out of every 4.8 residents of Chattanooga lives in poverty.

How many people in Chattanooga, Tennessee live in poverty?
34,928 of 168,883 Chattanooga residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Chattanooga compare to the rest of Tennessee?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Tennessee is 16.7%, meaning Chattanooga has a meaningfully higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Tennessee.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate

Chattanooga, Tennessee Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

20.8% 15.3%

2011

28.7% 37.0% 15.9%

2012

21.2% 35.0% 15.9%

2013

25.4% 20.0% 15.8%

2014

20.8% 22.0% 15.5%

2015

21.7% 4.0% 14.7%

2016

20.2% 7.0% 14.0%

2017

16.7% 21.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

57,127

30.9% 25.2% 32.4%

Asian

4,190

8.9% 11.9% 2.4%

Other

1,580

28.0% 23.8% 0.9%

Two Or More Races

3,603

30.7% 18.4% 2.0%

White

94,319

13.0% 10.3% 53.5%

Hispanic

9,550

36.5% 22.2% 5.4%

What's the Poverty Rate in Chattanooga, Tennessee By Race?

30.9% of Black residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Chattanooga, Tennessee is the same as than the national average. 17,636 of 57,127 black Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 32.4% of the total population of Chattanooga, Tennessee are black.

8.9% of Asian residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Chattanooga, Tennessee is dramatically lower than the national average of 11.9%. 374 of 4,190 asian Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 2.4% of the total population of Chattanooga, Tennessee are asian.

13.0% of White residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Chattanooga, Tennessee is the same as than the national average. 12,280 of 94,319 white Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 53.5% of the total population of Chattanooga, Tennessee are white.

36.5% of Hispanic residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Chattanooga, Tennessee is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 3,482 of 9,550 hispanic Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of Chattanooga, Tennessee are hispanic.

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Chattanooga, Tennessee?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Chattanooga, Tennessee is 19.0%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Chattanooga, Tennessee is 22.2%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee

Female residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee are moderately(16%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

15,012 of 79,069 males in Chattanooga live below the poverty line.

19,916 of 89,814 females in Chattanooga live below the poverty line.

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Chattanooga can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 30.9%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 17.1%.

Poverty for younger ages in Chattanooga is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 28.2%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 31.0%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Chattanooga can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 35.3%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 27.7%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 31.5%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Chattanooga, Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 17.8%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Chattanooga, Tennessee?

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

34.7%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

33.2%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

30.1%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

19.4%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

12.7%

75 to 84 Years Old

12.8%

Over 85 Years Old

10.2%

Chattanooga, Tennessee Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee who were born citizens of the United States is 20.4%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 25.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 158,725 residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee who were born citizens of the United States, 32,340 (20.4%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 2,588 (25.5%) of 10,158 residents of Chattanooga, Tennessee who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Chattanooga, Tennessee

The poverty rate in Chattanooga is 20.7%.
Chattanooga is in Hamilton County.
Tennessee Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Hamilton County.
City Poverty Rate
Chattanooga 20.7%
Apison 11.9%
Collegedale 10.3%
East Ridge 13.9%
Fairmount 4.0%
Falling Water 5.8%
Harrison 5.2%
Lakesite 9.0%
Lookout Mountain 3.4%
Middle Valley 4.7%
Mowbray Mountain 12.7%
Red Bank 20.0%
Sale Creek 17.4%
Signal Mountain 2.3%
Soddy-Daisy 12.2%
Walden 9.8%

Tennessee Poverty Rate By County

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