Poverty in El Paso, Texas

What is the poverty rate in El Paso, Texas?
The poverty rate in El Paso is 20.3%. One out of every 4.9 residents of El Paso lives in poverty.

How many people in El Paso, Texas live in poverty?
136,428 of 671,085 El Paso residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in El Paso compare to the rest of Texas?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Texas is 16.0%, meaning El Paso has a meaningfully higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Texas.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate

El Paso, Texas Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

21.6% 15.3%

2011

22.0% 1.0% 15.9%

2012

22.8% 3.0% 15.9%

2013

20.9% 9.0% 15.8%

2014

22.0% 5.0% 15.5%

2015

18.4% 19.0% 14.7%

2016

22.1% 20.0% 14.0%

2017

19.3% 14.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

24,846

13.0% 25.2% 3.7%

American Indian

3,783

25.5% 26.8% 0.6%

Asian

8,548

10.4% 11.9% 1.3%

Other

64,675

29.3% 23.8% 9.5%

Two Or More Races

15,876

14.6% 18.4% 2.3%

White

89,873

9.8% 10.3% 13.3%

Hispanic

543,060

22.7% 22.2% 80.1%

What's the Poverty Rate in El Paso, Texas By Race?

13.0% of Black residents of El Paso, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in El Paso, Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 3,220 of 24,846 black Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.7% of the total population of El Paso, Texas are black.

10.4% of Asian residents of El Paso, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in El Paso, Texas is the same as than the national average. 892 of 8,548 asian Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of El Paso, Texas is asian.

9.8% of White residents of El Paso, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in El Paso, Texas is the same as than the national average. 8,813 of 89,873 white Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 13.3% of the total population of El Paso, Texas are white.

22.7% of Hispanic residents of El Paso, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in El Paso, Texas is the same as than the national average. 123,004 of 543,060 hispanic Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 80.1% of the total population of El Paso, Texas are hispanic.

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in El Paso, Texas?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in El Paso, Texas is 17.9%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in El Paso, Texas is 22.6%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of El Paso, Texas

Female residents of El Paso, Texas are meaningfully(26%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

58,330 of 325,212 males in El Paso live below the poverty line.

78,098 of 345,873 females in El Paso live below the poverty line.

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in El Paso can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 25.4%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 17.5%.

Poverty for younger ages in El Paso is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 31.0%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 30.4%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in El Paso can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 27.9%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 26.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 19.4%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in El Paso, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 7.0%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in El Paso, Texas?

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

28.9%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

30.3%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

26.5%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

17.0%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

17.0%

75 to 84 Years Old

19.5%

Over 85 Years Old

20.9%

El Paso, Texas Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of El Paso, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of El Paso, Texas who were born citizens of the United States is 18.7%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of El Paso, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 25.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of El Paso, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of El Paso, Texas have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 506,906 residents of El Paso, Texas who were born citizens of the United States, 94,824 (18.7%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 41,604 (25.3%) of 164,179 residents of El Paso, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in El Paso, Texas

The poverty rate in El Paso is 20.3%.
El Paso is in El Paso County.
Texas Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in El Paso County.
City Poverty Rate
Agua Dulce 49.0%
Anthony 19.9%
Canutillo 45.2%
El Paso 20.3%
Fabens 38.4%
Fort Bliss 9.8%
Homestead Meadows North 41.3%
Homestead Meadows South 28.0%
Horizon City 12.8%
San Elizario 39.4%
Socorro 29.1%
Sparks 32.1%
Tornillo 35.6%
Vinton 34.5%
Westway 44.5%

Texas Poverty Rate By County

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