Poverty in Harlingen, Texas

What is the poverty rate in Harlingen, Texas?
The poverty rate in Harlingen is 29.8%. One out of every 3.4 residents of Harlingen lives in poverty.

How many people in Harlingen, Texas live in poverty?
19,190 of 64,299 Harlingen residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Harlingen compare to the rest of Texas?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Texas is 16.0%, meaning Harlingen has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Texas.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate

Harlingen, Texas Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

30.7% 15.3%

2011

35.7% 16.0% 15.9%

2012

36.8% 3.0% 15.9%

2013

21.5% 71.0% 15.8%

2014

37.5% 74.0% 15.5%

2015

31.5% 18.0% 14.7%

2016

28.3% 11.0% 14.0%

2017

28.0% 0.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Other

2,567

34.4% 23.8% 3.9%

White

10,853

9.0% 10.3% 16.6%

Hispanic

51,818

35.0% 22.2% 79.2%

What's the Poverty Rate in Harlingen, Texas By Race?

9.0% of White residents of Harlingen, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Harlingen, Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 973 of 10,853 white Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 16.6% of the total population of Harlingen, Texas are white.

35.0% of Hispanic residents of Harlingen, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Harlingen, Texas is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 18,111 of 51,818 hispanic Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 79.2% of the total population of Harlingen, Texas are hispanic.

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Harlingen, Texas?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Harlingen, Texas is 30.2%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Harlingen, Texas is 29.5%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Harlingen, Texas

Male residents of Harlingen, Texas are slightly(2%) more likely to live in poverty than females.

9,710 of 32,144 males in Harlingen live below the poverty line.

9,480 of 32,155 females in Harlingen live below the poverty line.

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Harlingen can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 38.5%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 24.5%.

Poverty for younger ages in Harlingen is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 40.5%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 46.7%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Harlingen can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 42.5%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 34.4%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 21.1%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Harlingen, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 3.5%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Harlingen, Texas?

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

46.8%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

46.0%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

41.4%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

25.5%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

15.2%

75 to 84 Years Old

12.0%

Over 85 Years Old

22.7%

Harlingen, Texas Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Harlingen, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Harlingen, Texas who were born citizens of the United States is 29.0%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Harlingen, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 34.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Harlingen, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Harlingen, Texas have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 54,707 residents of Harlingen, Texas who were born citizens of the United States, 15,879 (29.0%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 3,311 (34.5%) of 9,592 residents of Harlingen, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Harlingen, Texas

The poverty rate in Harlingen is 29.8%.
Harlingen is in Cameron County.
Texas Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Cameron County.
City Poverty Rate
Brownsville 31.4%
Cameron Park 46.5%
Combes 16.0%
Encantada-Ranchito-El Calaboz 44.1%
Harlingen 29.8%
La Feria 25.3%
Laguna Heights 39.4%
Laguna Vista 17.2%
La Paloma 31.3%
Las Palmas II 54.1%
Laureles 45.8%
Los Fresnos 34.3%
Olmito 28.8%
Palm Valley 5.2%
Port Isabel 30.1%
Primera 25.1%
Rancho Viejo 8.2%
Reid Hope King 42.1%
Rio Hondo 24.7%
San Benito 37.4%
Santa Rosa 44.4%
South Padre Island 10.8%
South Point 18.0%

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