Poverty in Alabama

What is the poverty rate in Alabama?
The poverty rate in Alabama is 18.0%. One out of every 5.6 residents of Alabama lives in poverty.

How many people in Alabama live in poverty?
849,699 of 4,729,116 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Alabama compare to the national average?
Alabama ranks 45th in Poverty Rate at 18.0%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Alabama is meaningfully higher than the national average of 14.6%.

Alabama Poverty Rate County Map

Alabama County Poverty Rate Comparison

Alabama Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Alabama?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Alabama is 16.1%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Alabama is 19.7%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Alabama

Female residents of Alabama are meaningfully(22%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

367,621 of 2,280,355 males in Alabama live below the poverty line.

482,078 of 2,448,761 females in Alabama live below the poverty line.

Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Alabama By Age?

Alabama Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 29.6%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 26.3%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 22.3%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 17.4%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 11.1%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 10.7%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 13.0%.

Historical Alabama Poverty Rate

Alabama Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

19.0% 15.3%

2011

19.0% 0.0% 15.9%

2012

19.0% 0.0% 15.9%

2013

18.7% 1.0% 15.8%

2014

19.3% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

18.5% 4.0% 14.7%

2016

17.1% 8.0% 14.0%

2017

16.9% 1.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Alabama Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,239,724

29.1% 25.2% 25.6%

American Indian

24,403

17.2% 26.8% 0.5%

Asian

61,251

14.0% 11.9% 1.3%

Pacific Islander

2,172

15.4% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

65,614

35.8% 23.8% 1.4%

Two Or More Races

86,621

23.4% 18.4% 1.8%

White

3,132,328

12.7% 10.3% 64.6%

Hispanic

194,090

32.3% 22.2% 4.0%

What's the Poverty Rate in Alabama By Race?

29.1% of Black residents of Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Alabama is the same as than the national average. 360,407 of 1,239,724 black Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 25.6% of the total population of Alabama are black.

14.0% of Asian residents of Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Alabama is the same as than the national average. 8,597 of 61,251 asian Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of Alabama is asian.

12.7% of White residents of Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Alabama is the same as than the national average. 396,507 of 3,132,328 white Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 64.6% of the total population of Alabama are white.

32.3% of Hispanic residents of Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Alabama is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 62,607 of 194,090 hispanic Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 4.0% of the total population of Alabama are hispanic.

Alabama Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Alabama can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 24.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in school is meaningfully higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 278,195 of 1,136,954 Alabamians enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 23.4% of the total population of Alabama are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 15.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents not enrolled in school is meaningfully higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 521,206 of 3,423,550 Alabamians not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 70.6% of the total population of Alabama are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Alabama is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 23.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in nursery school is meaningfully higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 14,961 of 64,459 Alabamians enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of Alabama is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 27.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is meaningfully higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 65,429 of 241,066 Alabamians enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Alabama are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Alabama can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 23.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is meaningfully higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 59,009 of 248,491 Alabamians enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Alabama are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 21.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is moderately higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 53,601 of 253,038 Alabamians enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.2% of the total population of Alabama are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 26.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in undergraduate school is moderately higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 59,021 of 219,280 Alabamians enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.5% of the total population of Alabama are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 18.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Alabama residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 9,291 of 50,597 Alabamians enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.0% of the total population of Alabama is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Alabama Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

17.8%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Alabama who were born citizens of the United States is 17.8%.

22.5%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 22.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Alabama have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 4,564,369 residents of Alabama who were born citizens of the United States, 812,695 (17.8%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 37,004 (22.5%) of 164,747 residents of Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Alabama Poverty Rate By City

Alabama Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Alabaster

80th

11.1% 32,567

Albertville

253rd

28.7% 21,342

Alexander City

246th

27.6% 14,705

Andalusia

141st

17.3% 8,918

Anniston

260th

29.5% 22,097

Arab

143rd

17.6% 8,200

Athens

137th

16.8% 24,735

Atmore

207th

23.5% 9,969

Auburn

258th

29.4% 61,462

Bay Minette

228th

25.6% 8,990

Bessemer

261st

29.7% 26,697

Birmingham

248th

28.1% 212,265

Boaz

158th

18.7% 9,580

Brook Highland

132nd

16.1% 6,748

Calera

20th

4.7% 13,216

Center Point

244th

27.0% 16,564

Chelsea

19th

4.6% 12,199

Clanton

169th

19.8% 8,701

Clay

15th

3.8% 9,685

Cullman

136th

16.7% 15,111

Daphne

88th

11.7% 24,685

Decatur

191st

21.8% 54,844

Demopolis

249th

28.2% 6,999

Dothan

166th

19.7% 67,784

Enterprise

126th

15.6% 27,776

Eufaula

257th

29.3% 12,467

Fairfield

227th

25.5% 10,850

Fairhope

55th

8.9% 19,561

Florence

197th

22.2% 39,824

Foley

103rd

13.3% 17,315

Forestdale

122nd

15.4% 10,118

Fort Payne

189th

21.7% 14,017

Fultondale

101st

13.0% 9,012

Gadsden

245th

27.2% 35,832

Gardendale

67th

9.6% 13,799

Greenville

217th

24.2% 7,766

Gulf Shores

98th

12.9% 11,358

Guntersville

151st

18.2% 8,333

Hamilton

128th

16.0% 6,718

Hartselle

50th

8.1% 14,395

Helena

12th

3.5% 17,928

Homewood

65th

9.6% 25,678

Hoover

37th

6.5% 84,150

Hueytown

115th

14.5% 15,698

Huntsville

154th

18.3% 190,501

Irondale

149th

18.2% 12,453

Jacksonville

231st

25.8% 12,731

Jasper

175th

20.2% 13,854

Lanett

218th

24.3% 6,341

Leeds

96th

12.6% 11,847

Lincoln

75th

10.8% 6,544

Madison

33rd

6.4% 47,079

Meadowbrook

26th

5.7% 9,115

Meridianville

61st

9.2% 6,731

Millbrook

90th

11.8% 14,994

Mobile

199th

22.4% 192,085

Monroeville

292nd

35.3% 6,072

Montevallo

198th

22.3% 6,626

Montgomery

195th

22.1% 200,761

Moody

51st

8.4% 12,585

Moores Mill

117th

14.6% 6,695

Mountain Brook

13th

3.7% 20,438

Muscle Shoals

71st

10.2% 13,701

Northport

99th

12.9% 24,708

Oneonta

79th

11.1% 6,585

Opelika

168th

19.7% 29,372

Opp

239th

26.4% 6,580

Oxford

93rd

11.9% 21,231

Ozark

213th

24.0% 14,546

Pelham

18th

4.6% 22,941

Pell City

155th

18.4% 13,465

Phenix City

180th

20.9% 36,870

Pike Road

9th

3.1% 8,417

Pinson

41st

6.7% 7,563

Pleasant Grove

30th

6.1% 10,224

Prattville

102nd

13.2% 35,286

Prichard

291st

35.1% 22,063

Rainbow City

123rd

15.4% 9,560

Russellville

270th

31.2% 9,715

Saks

161st

19.1% 10,535

Saraland

54th

8.9% 14,026

Satsuma

64th

9.5% 6,145

Scottsboro

173rd

20.0% 14,584

Selma

300th

38.3% 19,176

Sheffield

221st

24.8% 9,007

Southside

11th

3.4% 8,679

Spanish Fort

24th

5.4% 8,017

Sylacauga

242nd

26.9% 12,492

Talladega

230th

25.7% 15,747

Tarrant

251st

28.5% 6,238

Theodore

84th

11.4% 6,536

Tillmans Corner

150th

18.2% 18,150

Troy

272nd

31.5% 19,010

Trussville

23rd

5.2% 21,145

Tuscaloosa

209th

23.7% 97,373

Tuscumbia

152nd

18.3% 8,452

Tuskegee

250th

28.2% 8,852

Valley

139th

17.1% 9,331

Vestavia Hills

17th

4.5% 34,003

Wetumpka

87th

11.7% 7,799

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Alabama Social Security Statistics

Alabama Social Security

Alabama Social Security Statistics

Alabama Social Security

Social Security Payments in Alabama

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Alabama? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Alabama Social Security
Alabama Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Alabama Food Stamp Statistics.

Alabama Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Alabama

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Alabama? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Alabama Food Stamps

Welfare Info