Poverty in America

The National Poverty Rate across the United States is 14.6%.

In the past year, 45.7 million residents out of 313.0 million reported income below the poverty line.

USA National Poverty Rate County Comparison

Poverty Rate By Race in America

Race Population Poverty Rate Population

Black

38,930,998

25.2% 12.4%

American Indian

2,543,751

26.8% 0.8%

Asian

16,857,223

11.9% 5.4%

Pacific Islander

552,118

19.0% 0.2%

Other

15,258,382

23.8% 4.9%

Two Or More Races

9,767,040

18.4% 3.1%

White

192,755,384

10.3% 61.6%

Hispanic

55,380,874

22.2% 17.7%

Poverty Rate By School Status

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in the United States can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 20.1%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 12.2%.

Poverty for younger ages in the United States is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 18.0%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 21.2%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in the United States can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 19.0%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 23.4%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in the United States have a Poverty Rate of 17.2%.
Source: 2016 ACS 5 Year

What's the US Poverty Rate By Age?

US Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of the United States Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

22.4%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

20.7%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

18.0%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

14.0%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

9.4%

75 to 84 Years Old

10.1%

Over 85 Years Old

11.6%

US Poverty Rate By Gender

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in the United States?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in the United States is 13.3%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in the United States is 15.8%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of the United States

Female residents of the United States are moderately(18%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

20,408,626 of 153,288,784 males in the United States live below the poverty line.

25,241,719 of 159,759,779 females in the United States live below the poverty line.

Poverty By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of the United States born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of the United States who were born citizens of the United States is 14.2%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of the United States who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 17.2%.

Poverty Rate for residents of the United States born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of the United States have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 270,593,762 residents of the United States who were born citizens of the United States, 38,366,125 (14.2%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 7,284,220 (17.2%) of 42,454,801 residents of the United States who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate Rankings By State

Rank State Poverty Rate

1st

New Hampshire

8.1%

2nd

Maryland

9.7%

3rd

Connecticut

10.1%

4th

Alaska

10.2%

5th

Hawaii

10.3%

6th

Minnesota

10.5%

7th

New Jersey

10.7%

8th

Utah

11.0%

9th

North Dakota

11.0%

10th

Massachusetts

11.1%

11th

Wyoming

11.1%

12th

Virginia

11.2%

13th

Vermont

11.4%

14th

Colorado

11.5%

15th

Nebraska

12.0%

16th

Iowa

12.0%

17th

Delaware

12.1%

18th

Washington

12.2%

19th

Wisconsin

12.3%

20th

Kansas

12.8%

21st

Maine

12.9%

22nd

Pennsylvania

13.1%

23rd

Rhode Island

13.4%

24th

Illinois

13.5%

25th

South Dakota

13.9%

26th

Nevada

14.2%

27th

Montana

14.4%

28th

Idaho

14.5%

29th

Indiana

14.6%

30th

Missouri

14.6%

31st

Oregon

14.9%

32nd

Ohio

14.9%

33rd

New York

15.1%

34th

California

15.1%

35th

Florida

15.5%

36th

Michigan

15.6%

37th

Texas

16.0%

38th

North Carolina

16.1%

39th

Oklahoma

16.2%

40th

South Carolina

16.6%

41st

Tennessee

16.7%

42nd

Georgia

16.9%

43rd

Arizona

17.0%

44th

West Virginia

17.8%

45th

Alabama

18.0%

46th

Arkansas

18.1%

47th

Kentucky

18.3%

48th

Louisiana

19.6%

49th

New Mexico

20.6%

50th

Mississippi

21.5%

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