Poverty in Ohio

What is the poverty rate in Ohio?
The poverty rate in Ohio is 14.9%. One out of every 6.7 residents of Ohio lives in poverty.

How many people in Ohio live in poverty?
1,683,890 of 11,289,161 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Ohio compare to the national average?
Ohio ranks 32nd in Poverty Rate at 14.9%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Ohio is slightly higher than the national average of 14.6%.

Ohio Poverty Rate County Map

Ohio County Poverty Rate Comparison

Ohio Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Ohio?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Ohio is 13.6%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Ohio is 16.2%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Ohio

Female residents of Ohio are moderately(19%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

749,625 of 5,508,654 males in Ohio live below the poverty line.

934,265 of 5,780,507 females in Ohio live below the poverty line.

Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Ohio By Age?

Ohio Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Ohio Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 25.0%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 21.7%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 14.8%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 8.5%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 8.6%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 9.3%.

Historical Ohio Poverty Rate

Ohio Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

15.8% 15.3%

2011

16.4% 3.0% 15.9%

2012

16.3% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

16.0% 1.0% 15.8%

2014

15.8% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

14.8% 6.0% 14.7%

2016

14.6% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

14.0% 4.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Ohio Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,366,363

32.0% 25.2% 11.8%

American Indian

20,908

26.5% 26.8% 0.2%

Asian

229,147

13.7% 11.9% 2.0%

Pacific Islander

3,351

24.3% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

100,917

26.0% 23.8% 0.9%

Two Or More Races

300,546

27.5% 18.4% 2.6%

White

9,014,254

11.5% 10.3% 77.6%

Hispanic

402,299

26.1% 22.2% 3.5%

What's the Poverty Rate in Ohio By Race?

32.0% of Black residents of Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Ohio is the same as than the national average. 437,788 of 1,366,363 black Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 11.8% of the total population of Ohio are black.

13.7% of Asian residents of Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Ohio is the same as than the national average. 31,305 of 229,147 asian Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 2.0% of the total population of Ohio are asian.

11.5% of White residents of Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Ohio is the same as than the national average. 1,037,150 of 9,014,254 white Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 77.6% of the total population of Ohio are white.

26.1% of Hispanic residents of Ohio live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Ohio is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 105,142 of 402,299 hispanic Ohioans live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.5% of the total population of Ohio are hispanic.

Ohio Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Ohio can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 20.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 564,970 of 2,723,653 Ohioans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 23.5% of the total population of Ohio are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 12.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents not enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 1,013,364 of 8,162,352 Ohioans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 70.3% of the total population of Ohio are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Ohio is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 18.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in nursery school is slightly higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 31,708 of 172,490 Ohioans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.5% of the total population of Ohio is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 22.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is slightly higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 127,566 of 566,928 Ohioans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Ohio are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Ohio can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 19.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is slightly higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 111,622 of 582,538 Ohioans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Ohio are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 17.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is slightly lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 103,147 of 606,285 Ohioans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.2% of the total population of Ohio are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 25.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 131,874 of 516,011 Ohioans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.4% of the total population of Ohio are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Ohio have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Ohio residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 25,058 of 141,717 Ohioans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of Ohio is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Ohio Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

14.8%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Ohio who were born citizens of the United States is 14.8%.

18.0%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 18.0%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Ohio born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Ohio have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 10,798,173 residents of Ohio who were born citizens of the United States, 1,595,321 (14.8%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 88,569 (18.0%) of 490,988 residents of Ohio who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Ohio Poverty Rate By City

Ohio Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Akron

580th

24.1% 198,252

Alliance

579th

23.9% 22,036

Ashland

428th

15.4% 20,348

Athens

666th

51.6% 24,486

Austintown

372nd

13.2% 28,438

Avon Lake

85th

4.1% 23,489

Avon

48th

2.9% 22,538

Barberton

481st

18.1% 26,230

Beavercreek

125th

5.1% 46,255

Berea

316th

11.2% 18,934

Boardman

247th

9.2% 34,717

Bowling Green

638th

33.9% 31,529

Broadview Heights

38th

2.7% 19,262

Brook Park

317th

11.2% 18,807

Brunswick

187th

7.1% 34,658

Canton

630th

31.7% 71,763

Centerville

160th

6.3% 23,847

Chillicothe

551st

21.7% 21,598

Cincinnati

615th

28.7% 298,957

Cleveland Heights

492nd

18.7% 45,024

Cleveland

648th

35.2% 388,812

Columbus

539th

20.8% 852,144

Cuyahoga Falls

295th

10.4% 49,329

Dayton

632nd

32.7% 140,939

Delaware

256th

9.4% 38,193

Dublin

46th

2.9% 44,442

Elyria

559th

22.1% 53,944

Euclid

554th

21.9% 47,698

Fairborn

541st

20.9% 33,344

Fairfield

184th

7.0% 42,589

Findlay

437th

16.0% 41,237

Forest Park

440th

16.2% 18,675

Gahanna

151st

5.9% 34,691

Garfield Heights

483rd

18.2% 28,122

Green

290th

10.2% 25,741

Grove City

161st

6.4% 39,266

Hamilton

518th

20.2% 62,216

Hilliard

82nd

4.0% 34,386

Huber Heights

340th

12.3% 38,825

Hudson

36th

2.6% 22,250

Kent

635th

33.1% 29,771

Kettering

328th

11.9% 55,567

Lakewood

409th

14.6% 50,778

Lancaster

506th

19.6% 39,732

Lebanon

231st

8.6% 20,500

Lima

599th

25.8% 37,592

Lorain

589th

25.4% 63,731

Mansfield

578th

23.8% 46,720

Maple Heights

560th

22.1% 22,630

Marion

538th

20.8% 36,399

Marysville

252nd

9.3% 22,924

Mason

28th

2.3% 32,317

Massillon

471st

17.7% 32,320

Mayfield Heights

271st

9.9% 18,841

Medina

245th

9.1% 26,348

Mentor

132nd

5.3% 46,933

Miamisburg

364th

13.0% 20,042

Middletown

581st

24.1% 48,350

Newark

526th

20.5% 48,640

North Olmsted

197th

7.5% 32,007

North Ridgeville

143rd

5.7% 32,443

North Royalton

116th

4.8% 30,325

Norwood

532nd

20.6% 19,611

Oregon

309th

11.0% 20,085

Oxford

665th

47.0% 22,624

Painesville

527th

20.5% 19,843

Parma Heights

277th

10.0% 20,245

Parma

250th

9.3% 79,871

Perrysburg

120th

5.0% 21,327

Pickerington

119th

5.0% 19,634

Piqua

421st

15.1% 20,793

Portsmouth

647th

35.1% 20,343

Reynoldsburg

249th

9.3% 37,189

Riverside

401st

14.2% 25,064

Rocky River

121st

5.1% 20,273

Sandusky

567th

22.9% 25,139

Shaker Heights

228th

8.6% 27,749

Sidney

410th

14.6% 20,777

Solon

102nd

4.5% 23,068

South Euclid

366th

13.1% 21,792

Springfield

595th

25.6% 59,436

Stow

140th

5.6% 34,743

Strongsville

96th

4.3% 44,711

Sylvania

168th

6.7% 18,857

Toledo

604th

26.5% 279,455

Trotwood

596th

25.6% 24,348

Troy

310th

11.1% 25,694

Twinsburg

165th

6.7% 18,849

Upper Arlington

75th

3.7% 34,943

Wadsworth

185th

7.1% 22,843

Warren

644th

34.6% 40,244

Westerville

175th

6.8% 38,604

Westlake

135th

5.4% 32,387

White Oak

355th

12.7% 18,875

Whitehall

572nd

23.5% 18,749

Willoughby

217th

8.2% 22,646

Wooster

489th

18.5% 26,723

Xenia

565th

22.8% 26,193

Youngstown

653rd

36.8% 64,852

Zanesville

614th

28.5% 25,378

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Ohio Social Security Statistics

Ohio Social Security

Ohio Social Security Statistics

Ohio Social Security

Social Security Payments in Ohio

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Ohio? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Ohio Social Security
Ohio Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Ohio Food Stamp Statistics.

Ohio Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Ohio

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Ohio? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Ohio Food Stamps

Welfare Info