Poverty in Illinois

What is the poverty rate in Illinois?
The poverty rate in Illinois is 13.5%. One out of every 7.4 residents of Illinois lives in poverty.

How many people in Illinois live in poverty?
1,698,613 of 12,551,822 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Illinois compare to the national average?
Illinois ranks 24th in Poverty Rate at 13.5%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Illinois is slightly lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Illinois Poverty Rate County Map

Illinois County Poverty Rate Comparison

Illinois Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Illinois?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Illinois is 12.3%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Illinois is 14.8%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Illinois

Female residents of Illinois are meaningfully(20%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

751,968 of 6,137,594 males in Illinois live below the poverty line.

946,645 of 6,414,228 females in Illinois live below the poverty line.

Illinois Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Illinois By Age?

Illinois Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Illinois Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 20.5%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 19.3%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 16.8%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 12.9%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 8.8%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 9.5%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 10.8%.

Historical Illinois Poverty Rate

Illinois Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

13.8% 15.3%

2011

15.0% 8.0% 15.9%

2012

14.7% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

14.7% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

14.4% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

13.6% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

13.0% 4.0% 14.0%

2017

12.6% 3.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Illinois Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,754,135

28.6% 25.2% 13.6%

American Indian

29,028

19.8% 26.8% 0.2%

Asian

658,612

11.4% 11.9% 5.1%

Pacific Islander

4,066

12.3% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

760,043

19.7% 23.8% 5.9%

Two Or More Races

302,748

17.6% 18.4% 2.4%

White

7,787,654

8.9% 10.3% 60.6%

Hispanic

2,126,247

18.3% 22.2% 16.5%

What's the Poverty Rate in Illinois By Race?

28.6% of Black residents of Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Illinois is the same as than the national average. 502,014 of 1,754,135 black Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 13.6% of the total population of Illinois are black.

11.4% of Asian residents of Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Illinois is the same as than the national average. 75,018 of 658,612 asian Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Illinois are asian.

8.9% of White residents of Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Illinois is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 695,465 of 7,787,654 white Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 60.6% of the total population of Illinois are white.

18.3% of Hispanic residents of Illinois live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Illinois is the same as than the national average. 388,434 of 2,126,247 hispanic Illinoisans live below the poverty line. Approximately 16.5% of the total population of Illinois are hispanic.

Illinois Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Illinois can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 19.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in school is slightly lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 608,402 of 3,201,679 Illinoisans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.9% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 11.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents not enrolled in school is slightly lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 995,379 of 8,896,944 Illinoisans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 69.2% of the total population of Illinois are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Illinois is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 17.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in nursery school is slightly lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 39,628 of 224,937 Illinoisans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.7% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 19.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is slightly lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 126,459 of 643,486 Illinoisans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Illinois can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 17.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is slightly lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 119,051 of 663,809 Illinoisans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.2% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 16.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is slightly lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 113,392 of 689,883 Illinoisans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 22.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly lower than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 141,533 of 632,998 Illinoisans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Illinois are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Illinois have a Poverty Rate of 19.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Illinois residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is moderately higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 37,075 of 189,212 Illinoisans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.5% of the total population of Illinois is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Illinois Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Illinois born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

13.4%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Illinois who were born citizens of the United States is 13.4%.

14.2%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Illinois who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 14.2%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Illinois born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Illinois have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 10,771,415 residents of Illinois who were born citizens of the United States, 1,445,790 (13.4%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 252,823 (14.2%) of 1,780,407 residents of Illinois who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Illinois Poverty Rate By City

Illinois Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Addison

491st

14.7% 37,104

Algonquin

79th

3.7% 30,664

Alton

681st

28.1% 27,037

Arlington Heights

102nd

4.4% 75,911

Aurora

436th

13.1% 200,946

Bartlett

116th

4.6% 41,487

Batavia

161st

5.7% 26,499

Belleville

545th

17.9% 42,283

Belvidere

504th

15.6% 25,358

Berwyn

425th

12.8% 56,367

Bloomington

442nd

13.3% 78,426

Bolingbrook

250th

7.7% 74,548

Buffalo Grove

113th

4.6% 41,551

Burbank

355th

10.8% 29,081

Calumet City

623rd

21.5% 37,091

Carbondale

707th

45.4% 26,196

Carol Stream

283rd

8.5% 40,231

Carpentersville

531st

17.2% 38,280

Champaign

675th

26.9% 85,710

Chicago Heights

671st

26.4% 30,292

Chicago

610th

20.6% 2,722,586

Cicero

593rd

19.8% 83,735

Collinsville

422nd

12.7% 24,767

Crystal Lake

214th

6.8% 40,331

Danville

686th

30.2% 31,765

DeKalb

689th

30.8% 43,141

Decatur

629th

22.0% 73,505

Des Plaines

296th

8.9% 58,805

Downers Grove

147th

5.4% 49,649

East St. Louis

706th

43.1% 26,678

Edwardsville

388th

12.0% 24,823

Elgin

437th

13.2% 112,628

Elk Grove Village

114th

4.6% 33,180

Elmhurst

82nd

3.8% 46,139

Elmwood Park

307th

9.2% 24,831

Evanston

443rd

13.3% 75,557

Freeport

628th

21.9% 24,537

Galesburg

634th

22.5% 31,215

Glen Ellyn

186th

6.2% 27,983

Glendale Heights

363rd

11.1% 34,330

Glenview

81st

3.8% 47,066

Granite City

541st

17.6% 29,632

Gurnee

148th

5.4% 30,971

Hanover Park

350th

10.7% 38,350

Harvey

703rd

35.6% 25,685

Highland Park

198th

6.5% 29,796

Hoffman Estates

103rd

4.4% 51,631

Homer Glen

85th

4.0% 24,403

Huntley

91st

4.1% 26,265

Joliet

390th

12.0% 148,172

Kankakee

698th

32.1% 26,036

Lake in the Hills

138th

5.1% 28,908

Lansing

496th

15.2% 28,308

Lockport

131st

5.0% 25,198

Lombard

177th

6.0% 43,776

Loves Park

385th

11.8% 24,320

McHenry

256th

7.8% 26,730

Melrose Park

577th

19.1% 25,447

Moline

399th

12.1% 42,644

Mount Prospect

155th

5.6% 54,493

Mundelein

206th

6.6% 31,786

Naperville

108th

4.4% 146,431

New Lenox

43rd

2.6% 25,701

Niles

330th

9.9% 29,823

Normal

637th

22.7% 54,531

North Chicago

644th

23.2% 30,013

Northbrook

47th

2.9% 33,591

O'Fallon

268th

8.2% 29,095

Oak Forest

225th

7.1% 28,027

Oak Lawn

326th

9.9% 56,754

Oak Park

274th

8.3% 52,229

Orland Park

97th

4.3% 59,161

Oswego

35th

2.4% 33,759

Palatine

336th

10.1% 69,099

Park Ridge

104th

4.4% 37,810

Pekin

445th

13.4% 33,747

Peoria

613th

20.9% 115,424

Plainfield

36th

2.5% 41,978

Quincy

523rd

16.5% 40,587

Rock Island

590th

19.8% 38,560

Rockford

631st

22.2% 148,640

Romeoville

211th

6.7% 39,682

Round Lake Beach

364th

11.1% 27,825

Schaumburg

208th

6.7% 74,427

Skokie

325th

9.8% 64,773

Springfield

604th

20.3% 116,313

St. Charles

125th

4.8% 32,730

Streamwood

156th

5.7% 40,615

Tinley Park

259th

7.9% 57,107

Urbana

696th

31.9% 42,141

Vernon Hills

227th

7.2% 26,084

Waukegan

543rd

17.8% 87,999

West Chicago

366th

11.2% 27,385

Westmont

398th

12.1% 25,040

Wheaton

133rd

5.0% 53,577

Wheeling

373rd

11.5% 38,264

Wilmette

62nd

3.3% 27,393

Woodridge

203rd

6.5% 33,447

Woodstock

481st

14.4% 25,340

Zion

592nd

19.8% 24,157

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Illinois Social Security Statistics

Illinois Social Security

Illinois Social Security Statistics

Illinois Social Security

Social Security Payments in Illinois

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Illinois? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Illinois Social Security
Illinois Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Illinois Food Stamp Statistics.

Illinois Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Illinois

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Illinois? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Illinois Food Stamps

Welfare Info