Poverty in Texas

What is the poverty rate in Texas?
The poverty rate in Texas is 16.0%. One out of every 6.2 residents of Texas lives in poverty.

How many people in Texas live in poverty?
4,291,384 of 26,794,198 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Texas compare to the national average?
Texas ranks 37th in Poverty Rate at 16.0%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Texas is slightly higher than the national average of 14.6%.

Texas Poverty Rate County Map

Texas County Poverty Rate Comparison

Texas Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Texas?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Texas is 14.5%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Texas is 17.5%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Texas

Female residents of Texas are meaningfully(20%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

1,916,989 of 13,202,465 males in Texas live below the poverty line.

2,374,395 of 13,591,733 females in Texas live below the poverty line.

Texas Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Texas By Age?

Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Texas Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 24.8%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 23.5%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 20.4%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 14.3%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 10.4%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 11.8%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 13.0%.

Historical Texas Poverty Rate

Texas Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

17.9% 15.3%

2011

18.5% 3.0% 15.9%

2012

17.9% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

17.5% 2.0% 15.8%

2014

17.2% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

15.9% 8.0% 14.7%

2016

15.6% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

14.7% 6.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Texas Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

3,147,848

21.4% 25.2% 11.5%

American Indian

126,340

18.8% 26.8% 0.5%

Asian

1,222,283

10.6% 11.9% 4.5%

Pacific Islander

22,763

15.2% 19.0% 0.1%

Other

1,552,338

22.9% 23.8% 5.7%

Two Or More Races

682,753

16.4% 18.4% 2.5%

White

11,492,426

8.8% 10.3% 41.9%

Hispanic

10,478,511

23.0% 22.2% 38.2%

What's the Poverty Rate in Texas By Race?

21.4% of Black residents of Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 674,132 of 3,147,848 black Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 11.5% of the total population of Texas are black.

10.6% of Asian residents of Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Texas is the same as than the national average. 130,111 of 1,222,283 asian Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 4.5% of the total population of Texas are asian.

8.8% of White residents of Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 1,016,351 of 11,492,426 white Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 41.9% of the total population of Texas are white.

23.0% of Hispanic residents of Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Texas is the same as than the national average. 2,409,759 of 10,478,511 hispanic Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 38.2% of the total population of Texas are hispanic.

Texas Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Texas can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 21.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 1,594,516 of 7,333,443 Texans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 26.7% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 13.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents not enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 2,408,636 of 18,309,301 Texans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 66.8% of the total population of Texas are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Texas is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 20.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in nursery school is moderately higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 94,216 of 452,409 Texans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 23.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is moderately higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 389,421 of 1,627,107 Texans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.9% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Texas can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 22.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is moderately higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 349,496 of 1,590,835 Texans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.8% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 19.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is slightly higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 300,600 of 1,562,974 Texans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.7% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 22.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly lower than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 307,027 of 1,382,807 Texans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Texas are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Texas have a Poverty Rate of 16.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Texas residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 51,367 of 309,060 Texans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.1% of the total population of Texas is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Texas Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

15.1%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Texas who were born citizens of the United States is 15.1%.

20.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 20.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Texas have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 22,231,849 residents of Texas who were born citizens of the United States, 3,363,467 (15.1%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 927,917 (20.3%) of 4,562,349 residents of Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Texas Poverty Rate By City

Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Abilene

547th

17.7% 122,762

Allen

119th

5.1% 96,865

Amarillo

504th

16.4% 197,823

Arlington

487th

16.1% 388,225

Atascocita

195th

7.0% 75,114

Austin

463rd

15.4% 916,906

Baytown

538th

17.3% 76,205

Beaumont

607th

19.7% 118,424

Bedford

162nd

6.3% 49,082

Brownsville

890th

31.4% 182,083

Bryan

744th

23.6% 81,743

Burleson

163rd

6.3% 43,296

Carrollton

295th

10.1% 131,240

Cedar Hill

315th

10.7% 48,149

Cedar Park

79th

3.7% 70,010

Channelview

533rd

17.2% 40,983

College Station

892nd

31.8% 107,445

Conroe

395th

13.4% 77,086

Coppell

89th

4.2% 41,138

Corpus Christi

494th

16.2% 322,726

Dallas

685th

21.8% 1,300,122

DeSoto

357th

11.9% 52,596

Deer Park

292nd

10.0% 33,748

Del Rio

706th

22.5% 35,951

Denton

604th

19.5% 131,097

Duncanville

478th

15.8% 39,636

Edinburg

799th

25.9% 86,123

El Paso

627th

20.3% 678,266

Euless

348th

11.7% 54,135

Farmers Branch

298th

10.2% 33,808

Flower Mound

53rd

2.7% 71,575

Fort Worth

522nd

16.9% 835,129

Friendswood

140th

5.7% 38,811

Frisco

85th

3.9% 155,363

Galveston

711th

22.6% 49,706

Garland

475th

15.7% 235,965

Georgetown

208th

7.4% 63,062

Grand Prairie

373rd

12.8% 188,664

Grapevine

234th

8.1% 51,733

Haltom City

513th

16.6% 44,059

Harlingen

868th

29.8% 65,444

Houston

665th

21.2% 2,267,336

Huntsville

904th

34.4% 40,727

Hurst

312th

10.7% 38,813

Irving

427th

14.3% 235,648

Keller

65th

3.3% 45,357

Killeen

412th

13.9% 140,513

Kyle

170th

6.5% 36,929

La Porte

290th

10.0% 35,216

Lancaster

528th

17.1% 38,871

Laredo

879th

30.6% 255,305

League City

157th

6.2% 98,215

Leander

93rd

4.2% 40,338

Lewisville

325th

10.9% 103,638

Little Elm

185th

6.8% 39,471

Longview

566th

18.3% 82,219

Lubbock

612th

19.8% 247,323

Lufkin

671st

21.3% 35,888

Mansfield

115th

5.0% 65,033

McAllen

789th

25.2% 139,838

McKinney

192nd

7.0% 164,760

Mesquite

430th

14.3% 144,118

Midland

250th

8.7% 131,286

Mission Bend

336th

11.3% 38,570

Mission

760th

24.3% 83,042

Missouri City

136th

5.6% 72,688

Nacogdoches

882nd

30.9% 33,589

New Braunfels

272nd

9.5% 70,317

North Richland Hills

215th

7.6% 69,039

Odessa

353rd

11.8% 115,930

Pasadena

599th

19.3% 153,909

Pearland

82nd

3.8% 113,693

Pflugerville

186th

6.8% 58,013

Pharr

860th

29.4% 76,727

Plano

198th

7.0% 281,566

Port Arthur

880th

30.7% 55,177

Richardson

297th

10.2% 111,055

Rockwall

171st

6.5% 42,316

Rosenberg

492nd

16.2% 35,867

Round Rock

235th

8.2% 116,369

Rowlett

180th

6.7% 60,357

San Angelo

418th

14.1% 99,135

San Antonio

573rd

18.6% 1,461,623

San Juan

893rd

31.9% 36,469

San Marcos

908th

34.7% 59,935

Schertz

187th

6.8% 38,199

Sherman

574th

18.6% 40,543

Spring

361st

12.2% 57,932

Sugar Land

148th

6.0% 86,886

Temple

594th

19.2% 71,795

Texarkana

779th

24.9% 37,222

Texas City

689th

22.0% 47,262

The Colony

160th

6.3% 41,388

The Woodlands

86th

4.1% 109,608

Tyler

619th

20.2% 102,561

Victoria

530th

17.2% 66,515

Waco

821st

26.8% 131,996

Weslaco

803rd

26.1% 39,420

Wichita Falls

655th

20.9% 104,621

Wylie

168th

6.4% 47,855

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Texas Social Security Statistics

Texas Social Security

Texas Social Security Statistics

Texas Social Security

Social Security Payments in Texas

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Texas? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Texas Social Security
Texas Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Texas Food Stamp Statistics.

Texas Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Texas

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Texas? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Texas Food Stamps

Welfare Info