Poverty in Oakland, California

What is the poverty rate in Oakland, California?
The poverty rate in Oakland is 18.7%. One out of every 5.3 residents of Oakland lives in poverty.

How many people in Oakland, California live in poverty?
77,347 of 412,779 Oakland residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Oakland compare to the rest of California?
The Poverty Rate across the state of California is 15.1%, meaning Oakland has a meaningfully higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of California.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Oakland, California Poverty Rate

Oakland, California Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

22.3% 15.3%

2011

21.0% 6.0% 15.9%

2012

22.0% 4.0% 15.9%

2013

19.5% 12.0% 15.8%

2014

20.1% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

19.8% 1.0% 14.7%

2016

18.9% 4.0% 14.0%

2017

15.3% 23.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Oakland, California Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

100,391

25.8% 25.2% 24.0%

American Indian

3,576

31.4% 26.8% 0.9%

Asian

65,577

20.0% 11.9% 15.7%

Pacific Islander

2,407

15.3% 19.0% 0.6%

Other

60,573

23.5% 23.8% 14.5%

Two Or More Races

28,969

15.0% 18.4% 6.9%

White

112,724

8.9% 10.3% 27.0%

Hispanic

111,420

22.4% 22.2% 26.7%

What's the Poverty Rate in Oakland, California By Race?

25.8% of Black residents of Oakland, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Oakland, California is the same as than the national average. 25,926 of 100,391 black Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 24.0% of the total population of Oakland, California are black.

20.0% of Asian residents of Oakland, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Oakland, California is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 13,146 of 65,577 asian Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 15.7% of the total population of Oakland, California are asian.

8.9% of White residents of Oakland, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Oakland, California is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 9,994 of 112,724 white Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 27.0% of the total population of Oakland, California are white.

22.4% of Hispanic residents of Oakland, California live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Oakland, California is the same as than the national average. 24,976 of 111,420 hispanic Californians live below the poverty line. Approximately 26.7% of the total population of Oakland, California are hispanic.

Oakland, California Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Oakland, California?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Oakland, California is 17.1%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Oakland, California is 20.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Oakland, California

Female residents of Oakland, California are moderately(18%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

34,536 of 201,918 males in Oakland live below the poverty line.

42,811 of 210,861 females in Oakland live below the poverty line.

Oakland, California Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Oakland can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 25.6%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 16.3%.

Poverty for younger ages in Oakland is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 20.8%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 30.0%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Oakland can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 26.3%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 25.7%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 24.5%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Oakland, California have a Poverty Rate of 22.1%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Oakland, California Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Oakland, California?

Oakland, California Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Oakland, California Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

25.5%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

27.8%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

25.9%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

17.4%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

13.7%

75 to 84 Years Old

18.7%

Over 85 Years Old

18.9%

Oakland, California Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Oakland, California born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Oakland, California who were born citizens of the United States is 17.6%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Oakland, California who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 21.8%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Oakland, California born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Oakland, California have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 298,375 residents of Oakland, California who were born citizens of the United States, 52,391 (17.6%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 24,956 (21.8%) of 114,404 residents of Oakland, California who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Oakland, California

The poverty rate in Oakland is 18.7%.
Oakland is in Alameda County.
California Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Alameda County.
City Poverty Rate
Ashland 19.3%
Berkeley 19.8%
Alameda 9.2%
Albany 9.6%
Emeryville 11.7%
Fairview 9.3%
Fremont 4.9%
Hayward 10.5%
Livermore 4.8%
Newark 6.3%
Oakland 18.7%
Piedmont 4.9%
Pleasanton 4.3%
San Leandro 11.1%
San Lorenzo 8.9%
Union City 7.1%
Castro Valley 6.5%
Cherryland 22.8%
Dublin 3.6%

California Poverty Rate By County

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