Poverty in Gainesville, Florida

What is the poverty rate in Gainesville, Florida?
The poverty rate in Gainesville is 33.6%. One out of every 3 residents of Gainesville lives in poverty.

How many people in Gainesville, Florida live in poverty?
38,661 of 115,199 Gainesville residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Gainesville compare to the rest of Florida?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Florida is 15.5%, meaning Gainesville has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Florida.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate

Gainesville, Florida Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

36.9% 15.3%

2011

37.2% 0.0% 15.9%

2012

38.1% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

36.6% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

31.2% 17.0% 15.5%

2015

33.9% 8.0% 14.7%

2016

33.4% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

30.3% 10.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

26,395

39.0% 25.2% 20.4%

Asian

7,959

39.5% 11.9% 6.2%

Other

1,123

41.9% 23.8% 0.9%

Two Or More Races

4,231

36.4% 18.4% 3.3%

White

65,587

28.9% 10.3% 50.7%

Hispanic

11,764

43.2% 22.2% 9.1%

What's the Poverty Rate in Gainesville, Florida By Race?

39.0% of Black residents of Gainesville, Florida live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Gainesville, Florida is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 10,281 of 26,395 black Floridians live below the poverty line. Approximately 20.4% of the total population of Gainesville, Florida are black.

39.5% of Asian residents of Gainesville, Florida live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Gainesville, Florida is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 3,140 of 7,959 asian Floridians live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.2% of the total population of Gainesville, Florida are asian.

28.9% of White residents of Gainesville, Florida live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Gainesville, Florida is dramatically higher than the national average of 10.3%. 18,984 of 65,587 white Floridians live below the poverty line. Approximately 50.7% of the total population of Gainesville, Florida are white.

43.2% of Hispanic residents of Gainesville, Florida live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Gainesville, Florida is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 5,080 of 11,764 hispanic Floridians live below the poverty line. Approximately 9.1% of the total population of Gainesville, Florida are hispanic.

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Gainesville, Florida?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Gainesville, Florida is 34.2%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Gainesville, Florida is 33.0%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Gainesville, Florida

Male residents of Gainesville, Florida are slightly(3%) more likely to live in poverty than females.

18,985 of 55,569 males in Gainesville live below the poverty line.

19,676 of 59,630 females in Gainesville live below the poverty line.

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Gainesville can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 54.1%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 19.8%.

Poverty for younger ages in Gainesville is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 22.1%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 28.2%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Gainesville can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 27.2%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 24.8%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 69.0%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Gainesville, Florida have a Poverty Rate of 51.9%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Gainesville, Florida?

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

27.1%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

29.1%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

25.0%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

39.4%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

12.6%

75 to 84 Years Old

10.5%

Over 85 Years Old

9.5%

Gainesville, Florida Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Gainesville, Florida born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Gainesville, Florida who were born citizens of the United States is 32.9%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Gainesville, Florida who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 38.4%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Gainesville, Florida born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Gainesville, Florida have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 101,732 residents of Gainesville, Florida who were born citizens of the United States, 33,488 (32.9%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 5,173 (38.4%) of 13,467 residents of Gainesville, Florida who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Gainesville, Florida

The poverty rate in Gainesville is 33.6%.
Gainesville is in Alachua County.
Florida Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Alachua County.
City Poverty Rate
Alachua 17.1%
Archer 39.9%
Gainesville 33.6%
Hawthorne 29.0%
High Springs 11.8%
Newberry 12.8%

Florida Poverty Rate By County

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