Poverty in Iowa

What is the poverty rate in Iowa?
The poverty rate in Iowa is 12.0%. One out of every 8.3 residents of Iowa lives in poverty.

How many people in Iowa live in poverty?
361,343 of 3,016,358 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Iowa compare to the national average?
Iowa ranks 16th in Poverty Rate at 12.0%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Iowa is meaningfully lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Iowa Poverty Rate County Map

Iowa County Poverty Rate Comparison

Iowa Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Iowa?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Iowa is 10.8%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Iowa is 13.2%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Iowa

Female residents of Iowa are meaningfully(22%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

161,197 of 1,495,241 males in Iowa live below the poverty line.

200,146 of 1,521,117 females in Iowa live below the poverty line.

Iowa Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Iowa By Age?

Iowa Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Iowa Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 16.7%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 14.9%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 12.7%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 12.7%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 6.5%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 7.7%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 11.6%.

Historical Iowa Poverty Rate

Iowa Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

12.6% 15.3%

2011

12.8% 1.0% 15.9%

2012

12.7% 0.0% 15.9%

2013

12.7% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

12.2% 3.0% 15.5%

2015

12.2% 0.0% 14.7%

2016

11.8% 3.0% 14.0%

2017

10.7% 9.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Iowa Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

99,382

34.1% 25.2% 3.2%

American Indian

10,329

28.1% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

68,856

18.4% 11.9% 2.2%

Pacific Islander

2,823

27.3% 19.0% 0.1%

Other

38,349

22.4% 23.8% 1.2%

Two Or More Races

59,973

23.1% 18.4% 1.9%

White

2,613,759

10.0% 10.3% 83.8%

Hispanic

172,879

22.7% 22.2% 5.5%

What's the Poverty Rate in Iowa By Race?

34.1% of Black residents of Iowa live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Iowa is the same as than the national average. 33,868 of 99,382 black Iowans live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.2% of the total population of Iowa are black.

18.4% of Asian residents of Iowa live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Iowa is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 12,637 of 68,856 asian Iowans live below the poverty line. Approximately 2.2% of the total population of Iowa are asian.

10.0% of White residents of Iowa live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Iowa is the same as than the national average. 261,017 of 2,613,759 white Iowans live below the poverty line. Approximately 83.8% of the total population of Iowa are white.

22.7% of Hispanic residents of Iowa live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Iowa is the same as than the national average. 39,197 of 172,879 hispanic Iowans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.5% of the total population of Iowa are hispanic.

Iowa Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Iowa can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 18.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in school is slightly lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 136,844 of 747,912 Iowans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.0% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 9.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents not enrolled in school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 205,017 of 2,153,166 Iowans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 69.1% of the total population of Iowa are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Iowa is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 14.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in nursery school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 7,605 of 53,590 Iowans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.7% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 15.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is dramatically lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 23,697 of 158,008 Iowans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Iowa can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 13.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is dramatically lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 20,844 of 159,393 Iowans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 12.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is significantly lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 20,140 of 157,262 Iowans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 36.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in undergraduate school is dramatically higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 50,463 of 140,302 Iowans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.5% of the total population of Iowa are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Iowa have a Poverty Rate of 20.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Iowa residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is moderately higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 7,539 of 37,275 Iowans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of Iowa is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Iowa Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Iowa born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

11.6%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Iowa who were born citizens of the United States is 11.6%.

19.9%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Iowa who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 19.9%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Iowa born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Iowa have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 2,864,721 residents of Iowa who were born citizens of the United States, 331,101 (11.6%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 30,242 (19.9%) of 151,637 residents of Iowa who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Iowa Poverty Rate By City

Iowa Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Adel

138th

9.8% 4,103

Algona

46th

5.7% 5,488

Altoona

56th

6.1% 17,354

Ames

290th

29.3% 65,005

Anamosa

248th

17.4% 5,420

Ankeny

61st

6.3% 56,237

Asbury

30th

4.4% 5,338

Atlantic

257th

18.4% 6,787

Bettendorf

38th

5.3% 35,293

Bondurant

23rd

4.1% 5,457

Boone

174th

11.8% 12,538

Burlington

263rd

19.2% 25,330

Camanche

170th

11.6% 4,350

Carlisle

39th

5.3% 4,069

Carroll

145th

10.2% 9,937

Cedar Falls

266th

19.4% 41,167

Cedar Rapids

167th

11.4% 130,330

Centerville

276th

21.2% 5,503

Chariton

194th

13.4% 4,162

Charles City

285th

25.0% 7,427

Cherokee

255th

18.2% 5,018

Clarinda

193rd

13.3% 5,377

Clear Lake

140th

10.0% 7,612

Clinton

231st

16.0% 25,892

Clive

50th

5.9% 17,134

Coralville

216th

14.7% 20,250

Council Bluffs

204th

13.9% 62,317

Creston

247th

17.4% 7,860

Davenport

245th

17.1% 102,268

De Witt

224th

15.5% 5,227

Decorah

168th

11.5% 7,850

Denison

283rd

22.3% 8,361

Des Moines

254th

18.1% 214,778

Dubuque

237th

16.3% 58,410

Dyersville

34th

4.6% 4,134

Eldridge

95th

8.1% 6,231

Estherville

232nd

16.0% 5,930

Evansdale

166th

11.4% 4,780

Fairfield

265th

19.4% 10,125

Forest City

161st

11.1% 4,083

Fort Dodge

260th

19.0% 24,566

Fort Madison

226th

15.6% 10,634

Glenwood

223rd

15.4% 5,271

Grimes

19th

3.9% 11,139

Grinnell

191st

13.0% 9,028

Hampton

270th

20.1% 4,311

Harlan

154th

10.6% 4,944

Hiawatha

195th

13.4% 7,262

Humboldt

220th

15.0% 4,589

Independence

102nd

8.2% 6,013

Indianola

148th

10.2% 15,489

Iowa City

289th

28.0% 73,415

Iowa Falls

64th

6.5% 5,132

Jefferson

114th

8.8% 4,190

Johnston

29th

4.3% 20,172

Keokuk

288th

25.4% 10,484

Knoxville

238th

16.3% 7,202

Le Claire

21st

3.9% 3,940

Le Mars

147th

10.2% 9,861

Manchester

225th

15.5% 5,047

Maquoketa

261st

19.0% 5,954

Marion

76th

7.2% 38,014

Marshalltown

207th

13.9% 27,440

Mason City

188th

12.8% 27,453

Monticello

104th

8.2% 3,817

Mount Pleasant

244th

17.1% 8,467

Mount Vernon

17th

3.6% 4,461

Muscatine

227th

15.6% 23,852

Nevada

183rd

12.5% 6,790

Newton

185th

12.6% 15,085

North Liberty

33rd

4.6% 17,721

Norwalk

12th

3.0% 10,179

Oelwein

218th

14.7% 6,093

Orange City

81st

7.5% 6,123

Osceola

259th

18.8% 4,998

Oskaloosa

269th

20.1% 11,531

Ottumwa

267th

19.5% 24,705

Pella

74th

7.2% 10,243

Perry

212th

14.5% 7,747

Pleasant Hill

36th

4.9% 9,608

Polk City

22nd

4.0% 4,313

Red Oak

284th

23.3% 5,475

Sergeant Bluff

264th

19.3% 4,556

Sheldon

171st

11.6% 5,060

Shenandoah

268th

19.7% 4,977

Sioux Center

68th

7.0% 7,450

Sioux City

214th

14.7% 82,568

Spencer

189th

12.9% 11,132

Spirit Lake

118th

8.9% 4,967

Storm Lake

251st

17.9% 10,738

Urbandale

48th

5.7% 42,222

Vinton

184th

12.5% 5,141

Washington

203rd

13.8% 7,358

Waterloo

243rd

17.0% 68,146

Waukee

15th

3.5% 17,980

Waverly

75th

7.2% 10,052

Webster City

180th

12.3% 7,830

West Des Moines

59th

6.2% 62,999

Windsor Heights

157th

11.1% 4,990

Winterset

146th

10.2% 5,157

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Iowa Social Security Statistics

Iowa Social Security

Iowa Social Security Statistics

Iowa Social Security

Social Security Payments in Iowa

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Iowa? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Iowa Social Security
Iowa Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Iowa Food Stamp Statistics.

Iowa Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Iowa

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Iowa? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Iowa Food Stamps

Welfare Info