Poverty in Maine

What is the poverty rate in Maine?
The poverty rate in Maine is 12.9%. One out of every 7.8 residents of Maine lives in poverty.

How many people in Maine live in poverty?
166,904 of 1,294,998 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Maine compare to the national average?
Maine ranks 21st in Poverty Rate at 12.9%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Maine is moderately lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Maine Poverty Rate County Map

Maine County Poverty Rate Comparison

Maine Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Maine?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Maine is 11.9%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Maine is 13.8%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Maine

Female residents of Maine are moderately(15%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

75,323 of 632,122 males in Maine live below the poverty line.

91,581 of 662,876 females in Maine live below the poverty line.

Maine Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Maine By Age?

Maine Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Maine Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 20.1%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 17.2%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 13.4%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 13.4%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 8.6%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 10.0%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 11.0%.

Historical Maine Poverty Rate

Maine Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

12.9% 15.3%

2011

14.1% 9.0% 15.9%

2012

14.7% 3.0% 15.9%

2013

14.0% 5.0% 15.8%

2014

14.1% 1.0% 15.5%

2015

13.4% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

12.5% 6.0% 14.0%

2017

11.1% 12.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Maine Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

15,575

42.5% 25.2% 1.2%

American Indian

7,852

33.6% 26.8% 0.6%

Asian

13,865

13.3% 11.9% 1.0%

Other

2,766

12.9% 23.8% 0.2%

Two Or More Races

26,496

25.3% 18.4% 2.0%

White

1,214,806

12.0% 10.3% 91.3%

Hispanic

19,290

19.9% 22.2% 1.5%

What's the Poverty Rate in Maine By Race?

42.5% of Black residents of Maine live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Maine is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 6,622 of 15,575 black Mainers live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of Maine is black.

13.3% of Asian residents of Maine live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Maine is the same as than the national average. 1,848 of 13,865 asian Mainers live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.0% of the total population of Maine is asian.

12.0% of White residents of Maine live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Maine is the same as than the national average. 146,139 of 1,214,806 white Mainers live below the poverty line. Approximately 91.3% of the total population of Maine are white.

19.9% of Hispanic residents of Maine live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Maine is the same as than the national average. 3,830 of 19,290 hispanic Mainers live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.5% of the total population of Maine is hispanic.

Maine Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Maine can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 17.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in school is moderately lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 46,355 of 271,282 Mainers enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 20.4% of the total population of Maine are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 11.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents not enrolled in school is slightly lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 113,036 of 987,078 Mainers not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 74.2% of the total population of Maine are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Maine is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 15.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in nursery school is moderately lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 2,241 of 14,684 Mainers enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.1% of the total population of Maine is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 18.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is moderately lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 10,184 of 56,117 Mainers enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.2% of the total population of Maine are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Maine can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 13.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is significantly lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 7,713 of 56,359 Mainers enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.2% of the total population of Maine are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 14.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 8,993 of 63,767 Mainers enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.8% of the total population of Maine are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 24.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 12,667 of 52,265 Mainers enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 3.9% of the total population of Maine are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Maine have a Poverty Rate of 13.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maine residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 1,920 of 14,250 Mainers enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.1% of the total population of Maine is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Maine Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Maine born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

12.6%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Maine who were born citizens of the United States is 12.6%.

20.4%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Maine who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 20.4%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Maine born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Maine have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 1,249,048 residents of Maine who were born citizens of the United States, 157,546 (12.6%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 9,358 (20.4%) of 45,950 residents of Maine who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Maine Poverty Rate By City

Maine Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Auburn

49th

15.2% 22,941

Augusta

75th

21.0% 18,626

Bangor

83rd

22.6% 32,237

Bar Harbor

43rd

13.2% 2,354

Bath

76th

21.1% 8,314

Belfast

48th

15.1% 6,680

Berwick

2nd

0.4% 2,190

Biddeford

54th

17.0% 21,413

Blue Hill

80th

22.3% 1,070

Brewer

28th

8.9% 9,167

Bridgton

45th

13.3% 2,245

Brunswick

36th

11.6% 15,425

Bucksport

67th

19.5% 2,682

Calais

68th

19.9% 3,018

Camden

44th

13.3% 3,470

Cape Neddick

31st

9.7% 2,367

Caribou

55th

17.1% 7,827

Chisholm

27th

8.8% 1,468

Cumberland Center

4th

2.7% 2,492

Damariscotta

42nd

12.9% 1,222

Dexter

65th

18.7% 2,167

Dixfield

90th

26.7% 1,001

Dover-Foxcroft

72nd

20.5% 2,299

East Millinocket

69th

20.2% 1,670

Eastport

74th

21.0% 1,399

Ellsworth

37th

11.7% 7,916

Fairfield

99th

35.6% 3,221

Falmouth Foreside

5th

3.0% 1,542

Falmouth

15th

5.3% 1,994

Farmingdale

59th

17.7% 1,974

Farmington

77th

21.4% 4,144

Fort Fairfield

52nd

16.9% 1,769

Fort Kent

82nd

22.5% 2,248

Freeport

3rd

2.0% 1,249

Fryeburg

20th

7.0% 1,639

Gardiner

81st

22.4% 5,672

Gorham

14th

5.3% 6,607

Greenville

85th

23.8% 1,224

Hallowell

39th

11.9% 2,453

Hampden

6th

3.1% 4,191

Houlton

60th

17.8% 4,746

Kennebunk

9th

4.7% 5,647

Kennebunkport

8th

4.5% 1,178

Kittery Point

1st

0.0% 1,030

Kittery

12th

5.0% 4,733

Lake Arrowhead

35th

11.3% 2,558

Lewiston

78th

21.4% 36,211

Limestone

88th

24.8% 1,397

Lincoln

30th

9.5% 2,583

Lisbon Falls

11th

5.0% 4,093

Livermore Falls

63rd

18.4% 1,464

Machias

96th

31.7% 1,097

Madawaska

19th

6.5% 2,816

Madison

86th

24.4% 2,691

Mechanic Falls

41st

12.5% 1,903

Mexico

73rd

20.7% 1,614

Milford

46th

13.6% 2,191

Millinocket

33rd

10.1% 4,346

Milo

94th

30.7% 2,121

Newport

92nd

26.9% 1,619

Norridgewock

26th

8.7% 1,195

North Berwick

21st

7.1% 1,564

North Windham

13th

5.2% 5,819

Norway

91st

26.8% 2,673

Oakland

64th

18.5% 2,611

Old Orchard Beach

24th

8.1% 8,745

Old Town

89th

25.0% 7,594

Orono

100th

37.5% 9,667

Oxford

7th

3.9% 1,168

Pittsfield

58th

17.4% 2,841

Portland

61st

18.3% 66,715

Presque Isle

84th

23.2% 9,246

Randolph

47th

14.9% 2,011

Richmond

29th

9.1% 1,544

Rockland

50th

15.4% 7,204

Rumford

79th

21.7% 3,979

Saco

23rd

7.9% 19,127

Sanford

57th

17.2% 20,920

Scarborough

38th

11.7% 4,876

Searsport

66th

19.3% 1,117

Skowhegan

71st

20.3% 6,476

South Eliot

25th

8.3% 3,547

South Paris

87th

24.8% 2,615

South Portland

40th

12.4% 25,431

South Windham

22nd

7.4% 1,176

Steep Falls

32nd

9.8% 1,786

Thomaston

93rd

27.9% 1,994

Topsham

34th

11.0% 6,463

Van Buren

98th

34.5% 1,660

Waldoboro

97th

32.5% 1,091

Washburn

56th

17.2% 1,096

Waterville

70th

20.2% 16,374

Westbrook

53rd

17.0% 18,156

Wilton

62nd

18.4% 1,989

Winslow

51st

15.6% 7,608

Winterport

17th

5.9% 1,221

Winthrop

10th

4.7% 2,720

Wiscasset

95th

31.4% 1,092

Yarmouth

18th

5.9% 5,664

York Harbor

16th

5.4% 2,877

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Maine Social Security Statistics

Maine Social Security

Maine Social Security Statistics

Maine Social Security

Social Security Payments in Maine

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Maine? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Maine Social Security
Maine Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Maine Food Stamp Statistics.

Maine Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Maine

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Maine? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Maine Food Stamps

Welfare Info