Poverty in Maryland

What is the poverty rate in Maryland?
The poverty rate in Maryland is 9.7%. One out of every 10.3 residents of Maryland lives in poverty.

How many people in Maryland live in poverty?
566,966 of 5,856,088 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Maryland compare to the national average?
Maryland ranks 2nd in Poverty Rate at 9.7%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Maryland Poverty Rate County Map

Maryland County Poverty Rate Comparison

Maryland Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Maryland?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Maryland is 8.6%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Maryland is 10.7%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Maryland

Female residents of Maryland are meaningfully(24%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

243,895 of 2,824,347 males in Maryland live below the poverty line.

323,071 of 3,031,741 females in Maryland live below the poverty line.

Maryland Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Maryland By Age?

Maryland Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Maryland Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 14.4%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 12.8%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 11.6%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 9.1%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 7.1%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 8.8%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 10.6%.

Historical Maryland Poverty Rate

Maryland Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

9.9% 15.3%

2011

10.1% 1.0% 15.9%

2012

10.3% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

10.1% 1.0% 15.8%

2014

10.1% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

9.7% 3.0% 14.7%

2016

9.7% 0.0% 14.0%

2017

9.3% 4.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Maryland Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,728,486

14.1% 25.2% 28.8%

American Indian

15,761

14.9% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

367,574

7.9% 11.9% 6.1%

Pacific Islander

2,612

9.4% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

233,315

15.0% 23.8% 3.9%

Two Or More Races

184,632

12.2% 18.4% 3.1%

White

3,043,026

6.6% 10.3% 50.8%

Hispanic

563,165

13.8% 22.2% 9.4%

What's the Poverty Rate in Maryland By Race?

14.1% of Black residents of Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 242,880 of 1,728,486 black Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 28.8% of the total population of Maryland are black.

7.9% of Asian residents of Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 11.9%. 28,866 of 367,574 asian Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.1% of the total population of Maryland are asian.

6.6% of White residents of Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 199,730 of 3,043,026 white Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 50.8% of the total population of Maryland are white.

13.8% of Hispanic residents of Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 22.2%. 77,626 of 563,165 hispanic Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 9.4% of the total population of Maryland are hispanic.

Maryland Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Maryland can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 12.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in school is dramatically lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 185,374 of 1,484,416 Marylanders enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.8% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 8.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents not enrolled in school is dramatically lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 351,844 of 4,160,278 Marylanders not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 69.4% of the total population of Maryland are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Maryland is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 12.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 11,661 of 95,789 Marylanders enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 13.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is dramatically lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 38,390 of 290,521 Marylanders enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.8% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Maryland can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 11.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is dramatically lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 33,849 of 290,817 Marylanders enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 11.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is dramatically lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 36,654 of 307,129 Marylanders enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 14.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in undergraduate school is dramatically lower than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 43,537 of 310,944 Marylanders enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.2% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 9.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Maryland residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is dramatically lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 10,984 of 113,420 Marylanders enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.9% of the total population of Maryland are currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Maryland Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Maryland born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

9.6%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Maryland who were born citizens of the United States is 9.6%.

10.2%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Maryland who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 10.2%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Maryland born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Maryland have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 4,969,357 residents of Maryland who were born citizens of the United States, 476,538 (9.6%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 90,428 (10.2%) of 886,731 residents of Maryland who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Maryland Poverty Rate By City

Maryland Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Aberdeen

273rd

17.2% 15,523

Adelphi

219th

11.2% 15,898

Annapolis

196th

9.9% 39,151

Arbutus

242nd

12.9% 21,167

Arnold

81st

4.8% 23,041

Aspen Hill

207th

10.4% 52,386

Ballenger Creek

187th

9.4% 19,394

Baltimore

287th

22.4% 619,796

Bel Air North

50th

3.3% 31,263

Bel Air South

88th

5.0% 48,060

Beltsville

241st

12.9% 17,890

Bethesda

34th

2.8% 63,168

Bowie

59th

3.6% 58,290

Brooklyn Park

268th

15.4% 14,833

California

186th

9.4% 13,440

Calverton

67th

4.0% 18,145

Camp Springs

138th

7.1% 21,058

Carney

159th

7.9% 30,178

Catonsville

128th

6.9% 41,440

Chillum

250th

13.4% 36,047

Clarksburg

101st

5.7% 22,100

Clinton

86th

5.0% 39,230

Cloverly

109th

6.0% 15,482

Cockeysville

190th

9.6% 20,789

Colesville

100th

5.7% 14,633

College Park

296th

26.8% 32,186

Columbia

147th

7.4% 103,170

Crofton

16th

1.7% 28,282

Cumberland

291st

24.4% 20,084

Damascus

69th

4.1% 15,423

Dundalk

255th

13.8% 62,516

East Riverdale

260th

14.2% 15,645

Easton

234th

12.2% 16,606

Edgewood

253rd

13.6% 25,858

Eldersburg

48th

3.3% 32,064

Elkridge

105th

5.9% 19,367

Elkton

286th

21.4% 15,651

Ellicott City

71st

4.2% 71,737

Essex

251st

13.4% 39,494

Fairland

168th

8.3% 24,226

Ferndale

198th

9.9% 17,627

Fort Washington

123rd

6.7% 24,144

Frederick

221st

11.4% 69,330

Gaithersburg

189th

9.5% 67,417

Germantown

140th

7.2% 91,447

Glassmanor

257th

13.8% 18,158

Glen Burnie

174th

8.8% 68,768

Glenmont

213th

11.0% 16,917

Glenn Dale

99th

5.6% 13,606

Greenbelt

184th

9.3% 23,289

Hagerstown

297th

27.2% 40,222

Havre de Grace

197th

9.9% 13,511

Hillcrest Heights

194th

9.8% 16,137

Hyattsville

239th

12.7% 18,225

Ilchester

49th

3.3% 26,804

Kemp Mill

82nd

4.8% 13,445

Kettering

97th

5.6% 13,282

Lake Shore

44th

3.1% 19,724

Landover

261st

14.4% 22,852

Langley Park

274th

17.9% 19,561

Laurel

161st

8.0% 25,913

Lochearn

169th

8.3% 26,205

Maryland City

80th

4.7% 17,696

Middle River

208th

10.6% 25,654

Milford Mill

228th

11.7% 30,104

Montgomery Village

218th

11.1% 33,565

North Bethesda

127th

6.9% 50,056

North Laurel

113th

6.2% 24,510

North Potomac

37th

3.0% 24,236

Odenton

83rd

4.9% 40,479

Olney

40th

3.1% 35,766

Owings Mills

164th

8.1% 34,231

Oxon Hill

203rd

10.2% 18,077

Parkville

217th

11.1% 31,762

Parole

46th

3.2% 16,084

Pasadena

76th

4.6% 27,484

Perry Hall

135th

7.0% 28,681

Pikesville

148th

7.4% 33,426

Potomac

47th

3.3% 45,780

Randallstown

163rd

8.1% 35,438

Redland

103rd

5.8% 17,317

Reisterstown

226th

11.6% 26,903

Riviera Beach

151st

7.5% 13,977

Rockville

142nd

7.2% 66,420

Rosedale

171st

8.4% 19,151

Rossville

136th

7.0% 15,219

Salisbury

298th

27.5% 32,368

Seabrook

185th

9.4% 17,808

Severn

133rd

7.0% 49,076

Severna Park

42nd

3.1% 38,725

Silver Spring

215th

11.0% 79,483

South Laurel

146th

7.3% 27,093

Suitland

223rd

11.5% 24,927

Takoma Park

160th

8.0% 17,643

Towson

229th

11.8% 58,766

Waldorf

143rd

7.3% 73,223

Westminster

220th

11.4% 18,557

Wheaton

206th

10.4% 50,095

White Oak

211th

10.7% 19,525

Woodlawn

150th

7.5% 39,296

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Maryland Social Security Statistics

Maryland Social Security

Maryland Social Security Statistics

Maryland Social Security

Social Security Payments in Maryland

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Maryland? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Maryland Social Security
Maryland Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Maryland Food Stamp Statistics.

Maryland Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Maryland

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Maryland? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Maryland Food Stamps

Welfare Info