Poverty in Massachusetts

What is the poverty rate in Massachusetts?
The poverty rate in Massachusetts is 11.1%. One out of every 9 residents of Massachusetts lives in poverty.

How many people in Massachusetts live in poverty?
727,546 of 6,552,347 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Massachusetts compare to the national average?
Massachusetts ranks 10th in Poverty Rate at 11.1%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts is significantly lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Massachusetts Poverty Rate County Map

Massachusetts County Poverty Rate Comparison

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Massachusetts?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Massachusetts is 9.9%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Massachusetts is 12.2%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Massachusetts

Female residents of Massachusetts are meaningfully(23%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

314,554 of 3,178,712 males in Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

412,992 of 3,373,635 females in Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Massachusetts By Age?

Massachusetts Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Massachusetts Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 16.1%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 14.5%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 13.4%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 10.6%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 8.3%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 10.3%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 11.2%.

Historical Massachusetts Poverty Rate

Massachusetts Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

11.4% 15.3%

2011

11.6% 1.0% 15.9%

2012

11.9% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

11.9% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

11.6% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

11.5% 1.0% 14.7%

2016

10.4% 9.0% 14.0%

2017

10.5% 0.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

477,476

20.6% 25.2% 7.0%

American Indian

13,866

21.2% 26.8% 0.2%

Asian

404,383

14.1% 11.9% 6.0%

Pacific Islander

2,049

14.3% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

269,397

29.1% 23.8% 4.0%

Two Or More Races

200,525

18.6% 18.4% 3.0%

White

4,792,146

7.4% 10.3% 70.6%

Hispanic

733,885

27.6% 22.2% 10.8%

What's the Poverty Rate in Massachusetts By Race?

20.6% of Black residents of Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Massachusetts is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 98,196 of 477,476 black Massachusettsans live below the poverty line. Approximately 7.0% of the total population of Massachusetts are black.

14.1% of Asian residents of Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Massachusetts is the same as than the national average. 57,089 of 404,383 asian Massachusettsans live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.0% of the total population of Massachusetts are asian.

7.4% of White residents of Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Massachusetts is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 353,636 of 4,792,146 white Massachusettsans live below the poverty line. Approximately 70.6% of the total population of Massachusetts are white.

27.6% of Hispanic residents of Massachusetts live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Massachusetts is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 202,789 of 733,885 hispanic Massachusettsans live below the poverty line. Approximately 10.8% of the total population of Massachusetts are hispanic.

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Massachusetts can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 15.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 246,487 of 1,572,340 Massachusettsans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 23.2% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 9.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents not enrolled in school is significantly lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 446,852 of 4,770,990 Massachusettsans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 70.3% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Massachusetts is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 12.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 13,514 of 108,979 Massachusettsans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 15.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is dramatically lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 44,055 of 294,464 Massachusettsans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.3% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Massachusetts can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 13.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is dramatically lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 41,264 of 311,579 Massachusettsans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.6% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 13.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 46,810 of 339,716 Massachusettsans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 19.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in undergraduate school is moderately lower than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 60,607 of 307,330 Massachusettsans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.5% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Massachusetts have a Poverty Rate of 20.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Massachusetts residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is moderately higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 27,425 of 133,900 Massachusettsans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 2.0% of the total population of Massachusetts are currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Massachusetts born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

10.4%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Massachusetts who were born citizens of the United States is 10.4%.

14.7%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Massachusetts who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 14.7%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Massachusetts born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Massachusetts have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 5,483,153 residents of Massachusetts who were born citizens of the United States, 570,443 (10.4%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 157,103 (14.7%) of 1,069,194 residents of Massachusetts who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Massachusetts Poverty Rate By City

Massachusetts Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Abington

33rd

3.6% 16,275

Agawam Town

136th

9.4% 28,748

Amesbury Town

65th

4.9% 17,218

Amherst Center

223rd

37.3% 20,084

Andover

146th

9.9% 8,788

Arlington

70th

5.2% 44,992

Athol

205th

19.0% 8,394

Attleboro

133rd

9.2% 44,326

Barnstable Town

132nd

9.1% 44,325

Belmont

76th

5.5% 25,965

Beverly

119th

8.3% 41,431

Boston

210th

20.5% 669,158

Braintree Town

66th

5.0% 37,082

Bridgewater

215th

22.2% 9,003

Brockton

197th

16.8% 95,161

Brookline

158th

11.4% 59,246

Burlington

43rd

4.0% 26,103

Cambridge

174th

13.5% 110,893

Chelsea

207th

19.5% 39,272

Chicopee

181st

14.4% 55,778

Clinton

141st

9.7% 7,150

Cochituate

31st

3.5% 6,832

Danvers

88th

6.3% 27,527

Dedham

67th

5.0% 25,377

Easthampton Town

150th

10.7% 16,051

Everett

177th

13.9% 45,212

Fall River

208th

20.2% 89,258

Fitchburg

200th

17.9% 40,666

Framingham

159th

11.5% 71,232

Franklin Town

53rd

4.3% 32,843

Gardner

196th

16.7% 20,496

Gloucester

126th

8.5% 29,858

Greenfield Town

171st

13.2% 17,474

Haverhill

167th

12.6% 62,943

Holbrook

99th

6.7% 11,029

Holyoke

220th

28.6% 40,362

Hudson

103rd

7.0% 15,554

Hull

64th

4.9% 10,402

Lawrence

218th

24.2% 79,497

Leominster

173rd

13.4% 41,446

Lexington

37th

3.6% 33,339

Longmeadow

35th

3.6% 15,876

Lowell

216th

22.4% 110,964

Lynn

202nd

18.2% 93,069

Lynnfield

11th

1.8% 12,732

Malden

192nd

15.9% 61,212

Mansfield Center

34th

3.6% 7,744

Marblehead

58th

4.6% 20,393

Marlborough

94th

6.5% 39,771

Maynard

115th

8.1% 10,560

Medfield

20th

2.8% 6,590

Medford

147th

10.3% 57,700

Melrose

40th

3.9% 28,132

Methuen Town

139th

9.4% 49,575

Middleborough Center

204th

18.7% 7,462

Milford

127th

8.5% 25,738

Milton

46th

4.1% 27,527

Nantucket

154th

11.0% 7,561

Needham

24th

3.0% 30,429

New Bedford

217th

23.1% 95,125

Newburyport

102nd

7.0% 17,890

Newton

48th

4.3% 88,479

North Adams

199th

17.8% 13,211

North Amherst

224th

38.8% 7,179

Northampton

185th

15.0% 28,548

Norwood

120th

8.3% 29,121

Palmer Town

178th

14.1% 12,237

Peabody

145th

9.8% 52,610

Pinehurst

61st

4.8% 7,568

Pittsfield

186th

15.1% 43,289

Plymouth

108th

7.5% 7,017

Quincy

148th

10.5% 93,824

Randolph

157th

11.3% 33,704

Reading

23rd

2.9% 25,769

Revere

169th

13.0% 53,864

Salem

187th

15.3% 43,146

Saugus

117th

8.1% 28,037

Somerset

100th

6.7% 18,257

Somerville

165th

12.4% 79,983

South Yarmouth

110th

7.8% 11,391

Southbridge Town

203rd

18.5% 16,858

Springfield

221st

28.7% 154,613

Stoneham

52nd

4.3% 21,967

Swampscott

86th

6.1% 14,563

Taunton

175th

13.8% 56,826

Wakefield

55th

4.4% 26,823

Waltham

144th

9.8% 62,832

Watertown Town

122nd

8.4% 34,553

Webster

193rd

16.0% 12,175

Wellesley

54th

4.4% 29,004

West Concord

114th

8.1% 7,646

West Springfield Town

163rd

12.1% 28,671

Westfield

125th

8.5% 41,667

Weymouth Town

96th

6.6% 55,890

Whitinsville

124th

8.4% 6,905

Wilmington

22nd

2.9% 23,538

Winchester

14th

2.3% 22,579

Winthrop Town

118th

8.2% 18,391

Woburn

83rd

6.0% 39,500

Worcester

213th

21.8% 184,743

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Massachusetts Social Security Statistics

Massachusetts Social Security

Massachusetts Social Security Statistics

Massachusetts Social Security

Social Security Payments in Massachusetts

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Massachusetts? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Massachusetts Social Security
Massachusetts Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Massachusetts Food Stamp Statistics.

Massachusetts Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Massachusetts

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Massachusetts? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Massachusetts Food Stamps

Welfare Info