Poverty in Michigan

What is the poverty rate in Michigan?
The poverty rate in Michigan is 15.6%. One out of every 6.4 residents of Michigan lives in poverty.

How many people in Michigan live in poverty?
1,510,841 of 9,698,121 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Michigan compare to the national average?
Michigan ranks 36th in Poverty Rate at 15.6%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Michigan is slightly higher than the national average of 14.6%.

Michigan Poverty Rate County Map

Michigan County Poverty Rate Comparison

Michigan Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Michigan?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Michigan is 14.4%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Michigan is 16.7%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Michigan

Female residents of Michigan are moderately(15%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

684,867 of 4,748,812 males in Michigan live below the poverty line.

825,974 of 4,949,309 females in Michigan live below the poverty line.

Michigan Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Michigan By Age?

Michigan Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Michigan Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 25.0%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 21.8%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 18.8%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 15.8%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 8.8%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 8.5%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 9.7%.

Historical Michigan Poverty Rate

Michigan Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

16.8% 15.3%

2011

17.5% 4.0% 15.9%

2012

17.4% 0.0% 15.9%

2013

17.0% 2.0% 15.8%

2014

16.2% 5.0% 15.5%

2015

15.8% 2.0% 14.7%

2016

15.0% 5.0% 14.0%

2017

14.2% 5.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Michigan Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,321,029

31.5% 25.2% 13.3%

American Indian

49,996

23.2% 26.8% 0.5%

Asian

281,622

14.3% 11.9% 2.8%

Pacific Islander

2,647

21.3% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

113,205

25.4% 23.8% 1.1%

Two Or More Races

268,658

26.4% 18.4% 2.7%

White

7,348,791

11.9% 10.3% 74.0%

Hispanic

472,362

24.1% 22.2% 4.8%

What's the Poverty Rate in Michigan By Race?

31.5% of Black residents of Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Michigan is the same as than the national average. 416,313 of 1,321,029 black Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 13.3% of the total population of Michigan are black.

14.3% of Asian residents of Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Michigan is the same as than the national average. 40,221 of 281,622 asian Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 2.8% of the total population of Michigan are asian.

11.9% of White residents of Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Michigan is the same as than the national average. 871,827 of 7,348,791 white Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 74.0% of the total population of Michigan are white.

24.1% of Hispanic residents of Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Michigan is the same as than the national average. 113,788 of 472,362 hispanic Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 4.8% of the total population of Michigan are hispanic.

Michigan Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Michigan can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 21.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 526,015 of 2,404,763 Michiganders enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.2% of the total population of Michigan are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 12.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents not enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 898,951 of 6,961,105 Michiganders not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 70.1% of the total population of Michigan are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Michigan is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 20.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in nursery school is moderately higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 28,570 of 138,647 Michiganders enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.4% of the total population of Michigan is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 22.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is slightly higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 105,564 of 470,705 Michiganders enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.7% of the total population of Michigan are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Michigan can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 20.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is slightly higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 99,231 of 493,040 Michiganders enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Michigan are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 18.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is slightly higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 99,537 of 532,659 Michiganders enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of Michigan are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 26.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in undergraduate school is moderately higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 142,406 of 529,169 Michiganders enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.3% of the total population of Michigan are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 18.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Michigan residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 22,742 of 121,299 Michiganders enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of Michigan is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Michigan Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Michigan born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

15.4%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Michigan who were born citizens of the United States is 15.4%.

18.6%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Michigan who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 18.6%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Michigan born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Michigan have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 9,055,620 residents of Michigan who were born citizens of the United States, 1,391,535 (15.4%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 119,306 (18.6%) of 642,501 residents of Michigan who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Michigan Poverty Rate By City

Michigan Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Adrian

353rd

25.9% 20,743

Allen Park

63rd

6.6% 27,406

Allendale

363rd

27.0% 20,080

Ann Arbor

314th

22.1% 119,303

Auburn Hills

151st

12.1% 22,644

Battle Creek

327th

22.6% 51,505

Bay City

315th

22.2% 33,736

Berkley

48th

5.6% 15,269

Beverly Hills

8th

1.9% 10,424

Big Rapids

422nd

43.7% 10,413

Birmingham

25th

4.4% 20,836

Burton

284th

19.6% 28,856

Cadillac

336th

23.6% 10,375

Clawson

65th

6.6% 12,006

Coldwater

217th

14.8% 10,819

Cutlerville

202nd

14.2% 15,712

Dearborn Heights

279th

19.2% 56,201

Dearborn

382nd

29.1% 95,295

Detroit

413th

37.9% 679,865

East Grand Rapids

9th

1.9% 11,493

East Lansing

420th

42.5% 48,281

Eastpointe

262nd

17.9% 32,601

Escanaba

278th

19.2% 12,364

Farmington Hills

79th

7.5% 81,235

Farmington

53rd

5.8% 10,560

Fenton

190th

13.8% 11,364

Ferndale

209th

14.4% 20,159

Flint

419th

41.2% 97,810

Forest Hills

10th

2.7% 27,599

Fraser

142nd

11.2% 14,616

Garden City

137th

10.8% 26,889

Grand Haven

106th

9.0% 10,929

Grand Rapids

324th

22.5% 195,355

Grandville

62nd

6.6% 15,902

Grosse Pointe Park

61st

6.4% 11,240

Grosse Pointe Woods

19th

4.1% 15,678

Hamtramck

427th

50.9% 21,959

Harper Woods

181st

13.3% 13,890

Haslett

134th

10.7% 19,800

Hazel Park

352nd

25.8% 16,587

Highland Park

425th

49.0% 10,955

Holland

178th

13.2% 33,488

Holt

117th

9.7% 24,912

Inkster

399th

33.2% 24,670

Ionia

365th

27.4% 11,253

Jackson

397th

32.8% 32,875

Jenison

32nd

4.9% 17,758

Kalamazoo

392nd

31.0% 75,833

Kentwood

187th

13.6% 51,154

Lansing

364th

27.1% 115,222

Lincoln Park

290th

19.9% 37,028

Livonia

46th

5.4% 94,708

Madison Heights

253rd

17.3% 30,173

Marquette

349th

25.3% 21,081

Melvindale

370th

28.0% 10,432

Midland

160th

12.4% 41,958

Monroe

283rd

19.5% 20,128

Mount Clemens

320th

22.4% 16,383

Mount Pleasant

412th

37.8% 25,711

Muskegon Heights

416th

39.3% 10,743

Muskegon

406th

34.7% 38,189

New Baltimore

70th

7.0% 12,315

Niles

387th

30.4% 11,332

Northview

132nd

10.5% 15,424

Norton Shores

141st

11.1% 24,234

Novi

51st

5.7% 58,835

Oak Park

180th

13.3% 29,824

Okemos

194th

13.8% 22,989

Owosso

321st

22.4% 14,641

Pontiac

404th

34.1% 60,039

Port Huron

350th

25.4% 29,285

Portage

103rd

8.9% 48,072

Riverview

148th

11.7% 12,192

Rochester Hills

42nd

5.3% 73,458

Rochester

43rd

5.3% 12,987

Romulus

272nd

18.7% 23,479

Roseville

256th

17.6% 47,617

Royal Oak

72nd

7.0% 58,973

Saginaw

401st

33.6% 49,366

Sault Ste. Marie

330th

23.1% 13,798

South Lyon

49th

5.6% 11,695

Southfield

170th

13.0% 73,228

Southgate

144th

11.4% 29,291

St. Clair Shores

95th

8.5% 59,865

Sterling Heights

150th

12.0% 131,996

Sturgis

351st

25.5% 10,861

Taylor

289th

19.8% 61,648

Traverse City

131st

10.2% 15,550

Trenton

64th

6.6% 18,392

Troy

35th

5.1% 83,336

Walker

121st

9.8% 24,618

Warren

281st

19.4% 135,147

Waverly

109th

9.2% 24,589

Wayne

337th

23.8% 17,090

Westland

214th

14.6% 82,172

Wixom

145th

11.5% 13,777

Woodhaven

75th

7.3% 12,565

Wyandotte

135th

10.8% 25,175

Wyoming

227th

15.5% 75,124

Ypsilanti

390th

30.9% 20,804

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

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See Poverty Statistics
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