Poverty in Minnesota

What is the poverty rate in Minnesota?
The poverty rate in Minnesota is 10.5%. One out of every 9.6 residents of Minnesota lives in poverty.

How many people in Minnesota live in poverty?
560,995 of 5,366,210 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Minnesota compare to the national average?
Minnesota ranks 6th in Poverty Rate at 10.5%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Minnesota is significantly lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Minnesota Poverty Rate County Map

Minnesota County Poverty Rate Comparison

Minnesota Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Minnesota?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Minnesota is 9.6%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Minnesota is 11.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Minnesota

Female residents of Minnesota are moderately(17%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

255,682 of 2,667,912 males in Minnesota live below the poverty line.

305,313 of 2,698,298 females in Minnesota live below the poverty line.

Minnesota Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Minnesota By Age?

Minnesota Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Minnesota Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 14.7%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 14.0%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 11.4%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 10.4%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 6.3%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 8.4%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 11.2%.

Historical Minnesota Poverty Rate

Minnesota Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

11.6% 15.3%

2011

11.9% 3.0% 15.9%

2012

11.4% 4.0% 15.9%

2013

11.2% 1.0% 15.8%

2014

11.5% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

10.2% 12.0% 14.7%

2016

9.9% 3.0% 14.0%

2017

9.5% 4.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Minnesota Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

315,319

31.9% 25.2% 5.7%

American Indian

53,829

31.5% 26.8% 1.0%

Asian

250,763

15.4% 11.9% 4.6%

Pacific Islander

1,832

19.9% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

93,938

23.4% 23.8% 1.7%

Two Or More Races

148,685

18.3% 18.4% 2.7%

White

4,342,360

7.5% 10.3% 79.1%

Hispanic

277,052

20.9% 22.2% 5.0%

What's the Poverty Rate in Minnesota By Race?

31.9% of Black residents of Minnesota live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Minnesota is the same as than the national average. 100,433 of 315,319 black Minnesotans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.7% of the total population of Minnesota are black.

15.4% of Asian residents of Minnesota live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Minnesota is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 38,632 of 250,763 asian Minnesotans live below the poverty line. Approximately 4.6% of the total population of Minnesota are asian.

7.5% of White residents of Minnesota live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Minnesota is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 325,488 of 4,342,360 white Minnesotans live below the poverty line. Approximately 79.1% of the total population of Minnesota are white.

20.9% of Hispanic residents of Minnesota live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Minnesota is the same as than the national average. 57,875 of 277,052 hispanic Minnesotans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Minnesota are hispanic.

Minnesota Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Minnesota can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 15.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in school is significantly lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 205,018 of 1,328,234 Minnesotans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.2% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 8.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents not enrolled in school is dramatically lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 325,234 of 3,835,217 Minnesotans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 69.8% of the total population of Minnesota are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Minnesota is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 12.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 11,096 of 90,337 Minnesotans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 13.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is dramatically lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 38,801 of 278,981 Minnesotans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Minnesota can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 12.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is dramatically lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 35,211 of 280,583 Minnesotans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 12.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is dramatically lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 34,951 of 290,690 Minnesotans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.3% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 26.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in undergraduate school is moderately higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 65,726 of 251,526 Minnesotans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.6% of the total population of Minnesota are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Minnesota have a Poverty Rate of 13.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Minnesota residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 8,731 of 65,735 Minnesotans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of Minnesota is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Minnesota Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Minnesota born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

9.7%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Minnesota who were born citizens of the United States is 9.7%.

19.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Minnesota who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 19.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Minnesota born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Minnesota have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 4,925,447 residents of Minnesota who were born citizens of the United States, 475,981 (9.7%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 85,014 (19.3%) of 440,763 residents of Minnesota who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Minnesota Poverty Rate By City

Minnesota Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Albert Lea

299th

16.2% 17,716

Alexandria

233rd

11.8% 13,203

Andover

33rd

3.0% 32,257

Anoka

239th

12.1% 17,374

Apple Valley

104th

6.5% 51,109

Arden Hills

46th

3.9% 10,250

Austin

281st

14.8% 24,882

Bemidji

355th

24.5% 14,803

Big Lake

223rd

11.5% 10,516

Blaine

82nd

5.5% 62,453

Bloomington

119th

7.3% 85,417

Brainerd

301st

16.4% 13,394

Brooklyn Center

316th

18.2% 30,885

Brooklyn Park

204th

10.5% 79,462

Buffalo

181st

9.7% 15,996

Burnsville

169th

9.3% 61,302

Champlin

55th

4.2% 24,209

Chanhassen

48th

4.0% 25,108

Chaska

77th

5.2% 25,578

Cloquet

268th

14.0% 11,965

Columbia Heights

274th

14.3% 19,823

Coon Rapids

118th

7.2% 62,342

Cottage Grove

42nd

3.8% 35,902

Crystal

140th

8.3% 22,910

Duluth

333rd

20.3% 86,066

Eagan

105th

6.6% 66,102

East Bethel

50th

4.1% 11,733

Eden Prairie

73rd

5.2% 63,660

Edina

67th

4.7% 50,603

Elk River

94th

6.0% 23,924

Fairmont

264th

13.9% 10,251

Faribault

295th

16.0% 23,577

Farmington

19th

2.6% 22,502

Fergus Falls

220th

11.3% 13,606

Forest Lake

90th

5.9% 19,406

Fridley

210th

10.7% 27,573

Golden Valley

134th

8.2% 21,208

Grand Rapids

287th

15.5% 11,099

Ham Lake

61st

4.6% 16,119

Hastings

138th

8.2% 22,620

Hermantown

74th

5.2% 9,603

Hibbing

325th

19.5% 16,183

Hopkins

255th

13.3% 18,217

Hugo

44th

3.9% 14,415

Hutchinson

108th

6.7% 13,836

Inver Grove Heights

139th

8.2% 34,976

Lakeville

59th

4.5% 61,056

Lino Lakes

37th

3.6% 20,950

Little Canada

155th

8.7% 10,321

Mankato

354th

24.5% 41,241

Maple Grove

53rd

4.2% 68,362

Maplewood

154th

8.7% 40,127

Marshall

320th

18.6% 13,706

Mendota Heights

57th

4.3% 11,253

Minneapolis

340th

20.7% 411,452

Minnetonka

69th

5.0% 52,102

Monticello

79th

5.3% 13,316

Moorhead

294th

15.9% 41,801

Mound

87th

5.8% 9,380

Mounds View

196th

10.3% 12,872

New Brighton

232nd

11.8% 22,440

New Hope

189th

10.1% 20,909

New Ulm

131st

8.0% 13,249

North Branch

146th

8.5% 10,241

North Mankato

129th

8.0% 13,583

North St. Paul

182nd

9.7% 12,241

Northfield

229th

11.7% 20,297

Oakdale

110th

6.8% 27,972

Otsego

11th

1.6% 15,630

Owatonna

202nd

10.4% 25,613

Plymouth

76th

5.2% 76,258

Prior Lake

70th

5.1% 25,452

Ramsey

22nd

2.8% 25,853

Red Wing

298th

16.1% 16,334

Richfield

172nd

9.4% 35,993

Robbinsdale

173rd

9.5% 14,446

Rochester

201st

10.4% 112,683

Rogers

14th

1.8% 12,564

Rosemount

60th

4.5% 23,474

Roseville

193rd

10.2% 35,624

Sartell

52nd

4.1% 16,749

Sauk Rapids

326th

19.6% 13,354

Savage

88th

5.8% 30,011

Shakopee

101st

6.4% 40,024

Shoreview

49th

4.0% 26,432

South St. Paul

237th

12.1% 20,280

St. Cloud

351st

23.2% 67,093

St. Louis Park

116th

7.1% 48,124

St. Michael

6th

1.1% 17,128

St. Paul

336th

20.4% 300,820

St. Peter

343rd

21.1% 11,682

Stillwater

85th

5.6% 19,232

Vadnais Heights

92nd

6.0% 13,283

Waconia

13th

1.8% 11,751

West St. Paul

219th

11.0% 19,750

White Bear Lake

97th

6.2% 25,411

Willmar

307th

17.0% 19,608

Winona

330th

20.2% 27,153

Woodbury

43rd

3.8% 67,648

Worthington

342nd

20.8% 13,142

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Minnesota Social Security Statistics

Minnesota Social Security

Minnesota Social Security Statistics

Minnesota Social Security

Social Security Payments in Minnesota

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Minnesota? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Minnesota Social Security
Minnesota Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Minnesota Food Stamp Statistics.

Minnesota Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Minnesota

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Minnesota? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Minnesota Food Stamps

Welfare Info