Poverty in Montana

What is the poverty rate in Montana?
The poverty rate in Montana is 14.4%. One out of every 7 residents of Montana lives in poverty.

How many people in Montana live in poverty?
144,198 of 1,004,612 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Montana compare to the national average?
Montana ranks 27th in Poverty Rate at 14.4%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Montana is slightly lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Montana Poverty Rate County Map

Montana County Poverty Rate Comparison

Montana Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Montana?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Montana is 13.4%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Montana is 15.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Montana

Female residents of Montana are moderately(14%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

67,391 of 503,507 males in Montana live below the poverty line.

76,807 of 501,105 females in Montana live below the poverty line.

Montana Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Montana By Age?

Montana Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Montana Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 20.1%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 15.0%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 15.6%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 8.6%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 8.3%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 11.6%.

Historical Montana Poverty Rate

Montana Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

14.6% 15.3%

2011

14.8% 1.0% 15.9%

2012

15.5% 4.0% 15.9%

2013

16.5% 6.0% 15.8%

2014

15.4% 7.0% 15.5%

2015

14.6% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

13.3% 9.0% 14.0%

2017

12.5% 6.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Montana Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

3,984

20.8% 25.2% 0.4%

American Indian

63,986

35.8% 26.8% 6.2%

Asian

7,140

17.2% 11.9% 0.7%

Other

5,191

14.1% 23.8% 0.5%

Two Or More Races

27,557

20.5% 18.4% 2.7%

White

872,406

12.4% 10.3% 84.7%

Hispanic

35,166

20.9% 22.2% 3.4%

What's the Poverty Rate in Montana By Race?

20.8% of Black residents of Montana live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Montana is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 829 of 3,984 black Montanans live below the poverty line. Approximately 0.4% of the total population of Montana is black.

17.2% of Asian residents of Montana live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Montana is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 1,228 of 7,140 asian Montanans live below the poverty line. Approximately 0.7% of the total population of Montana is asian.

12.4% of White residents of Montana live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Montana is the same as than the national average. 107,899 of 872,406 white Montanans live below the poverty line. Approximately 84.7% of the total population of Montana are white.

20.9% of Hispanic residents of Montana live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Montana is the same as than the national average. 7,352 of 35,166 hispanic Montanans live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.4% of the total population of Montana are hispanic.

Montana Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Montana can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 20.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in school is slightly higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 46,736 of 224,189 Montanans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 21.8% of the total population of Montana are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 12.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents not enrolled in school is slightly lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 90,023 of 745,286 Montanans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 72.4% of the total population of Montana are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Montana is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 17.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in nursery school is slightly lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 2,298 of 13,289 Montanans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of Montana is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 18.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is moderately lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 9,004 of 49,428 Montanans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.8% of the total population of Montana are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Montana can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 15.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is meaningfully lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 7,525 of 48,087 Montanans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.7% of the total population of Montana are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 14.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 7,007 of 47,872 Montanans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.6% of the total population of Montana are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 39.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in undergraduate school is dramatically higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 16,915 of 42,762 Montanans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.2% of the total population of Montana are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Montana have a Poverty Rate of 14.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Montana residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is moderately lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 1,394 of 9,552 Montanans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 0.9% of the total population of Montana is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Montana Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Montana born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

14.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Montana who were born citizens of the United States is 14.3%.

16.5%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Montana who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 16.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Montana born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Montana have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 983,646 residents of Montana who were born citizens of the United States, 140,740 (14.3%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 3,458 (16.5%) of 20,966 residents of Montana who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Montana Poverty Rate By City

Montana Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Absarokee

4th

3.9% 1,022

Anaconda-Deer Lodge County

62nd

18.8% 9,131

Ashland

79th

31.4% 1,048

Baker

21st

7.4% 1,860

Belgrade

26th

10.0% 8,026

Big Sky

44th

14.2% 2,904

Big Timber

27th

10.2% 1,498

Bigfork

32nd

10.9% 4,797

Billings

31st

10.8% 109,082

Black Eagle

61st

17.9% 1,054

Bonner-West Riverside

55th

16.1% 1,769

Boulder

77th

28.3% 1,001

Bozeman

69th

20.5% 43,132

Butte-Silver Bow (balance)

63rd

18.9% 33,645

Chinook

60th

17.4% 1,056

Choteau

30th

10.7% 1,676

Clancy

17th

6.9% 1,714

Colstrip

15th

6.2% 2,253

Columbia Falls

37th

12.5% 5,054

Columbus

23rd

8.1% 2,320

Conrad

54th

16.0% 2,841

Corvallis

74th

26.2% 1,083

Crow Agency

81st

39.2% 2,118

Cut Bank

73rd

23.9% 3,009

Deer Lodge

70th

21.2% 3,015

Dillon

72nd

23.4% 4,224

East Helena

22nd

7.7% 2,265

East Missoula

51st

15.5% 2,047

Eureka

80th

35.5% 1,317

Evergreen

33rd

11.5% 7,552

Forsyth

12th

5.9% 1,793

Fort Belknap Agency

87th

54.4% 1,388

Fort Benton

7th

4.9% 1,381

Four Corners

10th

5.5% 4,051

Frenchtown

2nd

3.4% 2,122

Gardiner

42nd

13.9% 1,046

Glasgow

11th

5.8% 3,361

Glendive

46th

14.8% 5,285

Great Falls

45th

14.5% 59,144

Hamilton

71st

21.7% 4,570

Hardin

66th

19.7% 3,812

Havre

64th

19.1% 9,763

Hays

86th

51.9% 1,006

Helena Valley Northeast

6th

4.6% 3,232

Helena Valley Northwest

3rd

3.6% 3,949

Helena Valley Southeast

40th

13.4% 7,517

Helena Valley West Central

19th

7.1% 8,622

Helena West Side

28th

10.3% 1,286

Helena

52nd

15.6% 30,345

Kalispell

59th

17.1% 21,992

King Arthur Park

8th

4.9% 1,125

Lakeside

76th

28.1% 2,459

Lame Deer

82nd

39.8% 2,188

Laurel

24th

9.0% 6,885

Lewistown

49th

15.2% 5,942

Libby

47th

14.9% 2,664

Livingston

50th

15.3% 7,294

Lockwood

34th

11.6% 7,503

Lolo

20th

7.4% 3,525

Malmstrom AFB

5th

4.0% 3,929

Malta

41st

13.6% 2,000

Manhattan

18th

7.1% 1,342

Miles City

36th

12.2% 8,610

Missoula

67th

19.8% 70,847

Montana City

1st

2.8% 2,770

North Browning

85th

50.4% 2,582

Orchard Homes

38th

12.8% 5,588

Pablo

84th

46.6% 2,722

Plentywood

39th

12.8% 1,846

Polson

58th

16.7% 4,702

Red Lodge

56th

16.3% 2,349

Ronan

78th

30.9% 1,887

Roundup

68th

20.0% 1,813

Scobey

13th

6.0% 1,268

Shelby

48th

15.2% 3,194

Sidney

9th

5.2% 6,491

South Browning

83rd

39.9% 1,388

Stevensville

57th

16.5% 2,020

Sun Prairie

43rd

14.1% 1,406

Thompson Falls

75th

26.4% 1,130

Three Forks

16th

6.5% 2,046

Townsend

25th

9.3% 2,000

West Glendive

14th

6.2% 1,879

West Yellowstone

35th

12.2% 1,108

White Sulphur Springs

53rd

15.7% 1,109

Whitefish

29th

10.4% 7,070

Wolf Point

65th

19.1% 2,792

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Montana Social Security Statistics

Montana Social Security

Montana Social Security Statistics

Montana Social Security

Social Security Payments in Montana

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Montana? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Montana Social Security
Montana Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Montana Food Stamp Statistics.

Montana Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Montana

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Montana? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Montana Food Stamps

Welfare Info