Poverty in New Mexico

What is the poverty rate in New Mexico?
The poverty rate in New Mexico is 20.6%. One out of every 4.9 residents of New Mexico lives in poverty.

How many people in New Mexico live in poverty?
420,293 of 2,043,896 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in New Mexico compare to the national average?
New Mexico ranks 49th in Poverty Rate at 20.6%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of New Mexico is dramatically higher than the national average of 14.6%.

New Mexico Poverty Rate County Map

New Mexico County Poverty Rate Comparison

New Mexico Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in New Mexico?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in New Mexico is 19.2%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in New Mexico is 21.9%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of New Mexico

Female residents of New Mexico are moderately(14%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

192,619 of 1,004,197 males in New Mexico live below the poverty line.

227,674 of 1,039,699 females in New Mexico live below the poverty line.

New Mexico Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in New Mexico By Age?

New Mexico Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of New Mexico Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 32.6%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 29.7%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 25.1%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 20.0%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 12.8%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 12.5%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 12.8%.

Historical New Mexico Poverty Rate

New Mexico Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

20.4% 15.3%

2011

21.5% 5.0% 15.9%

2012

20.8% 3.0% 15.9%

2013

21.9% 5.0% 15.8%

2014

21.3% 2.0% 15.5%

2015

20.4% 4.0% 14.7%

2016

19.8% 3.0% 14.0%

2017

19.7% 0.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

New Mexico Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

39,464

24.2% 25.2% 1.9%

American Indian

193,553

33.6% 26.8% 9.3%

Asian

29,231

9.9% 11.9% 1.4%

Pacific Islander

1,299

21.2% 19.0% 0.1%

Other

192,645

28.5% 23.8% 9.2%

Two Or More Races

66,940

20.6% 18.4% 3.2%

White

782,706

12.4% 10.3% 37.5%

Hispanic

983,700

24.8% 22.2% 47.2%

What's the Poverty Rate in New Mexico By Race?

24.2% of Black residents of New Mexico live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in New Mexico is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 9,549 of 39,464 black New Mexicans live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.9% of the total population of New Mexico is black.

9.9% of Asian residents of New Mexico live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in New Mexico is the same as than the national average. 2,896 of 29,231 asian New Mexicans live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.4% of the total population of New Mexico is asian.

12.4% of White residents of New Mexico live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in New Mexico is the same as than the national average. 96,793 of 782,706 white New Mexicans live below the poverty line. Approximately 37.5% of the total population of New Mexico are white.

24.8% of Hispanic residents of New Mexico live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in New Mexico is the same as than the national average. 244,409 of 983,700 hispanic New Mexicans live below the poverty line. Approximately 47.2% of the total population of New Mexico are hispanic.

New Mexico Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in New Mexico can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 26.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in school is significantly higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 142,448 of 534,788 New Mexicans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 25.7% of the total population of New Mexico are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 17.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents not enrolled in school is dramatically higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 250,921 of 1,432,384 New Mexicans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 68.7% of the total population of New Mexico are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in New Mexico is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 26.9%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 7,539 of 27,976 New Mexicans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of New Mexico is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 30.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is dramatically higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 34,602 of 112,713 New Mexicans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of New Mexico are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in New Mexico can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 26.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is significantly higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 29,421 of 111,660 New Mexicans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of New Mexico are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 24.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is dramatically higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 27,703 of 111,789 New Mexicans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.4% of the total population of New Mexico are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 25.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 29,454 of 116,021 New Mexicans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.6% of the total population of New Mexico are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in New Mexico have a Poverty Rate of 16.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of New Mexico residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 4,421 of 26,467 New Mexicans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of New Mexico is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

New Mexico Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of New Mexico born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

20.0%

The Poverty Rate for residents of New Mexico who were born citizens of the United States is 20.0%.

26.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of New Mexico who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 26.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of New Mexico born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of New Mexico have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 1,847,921 residents of New Mexico who were born citizens of the United States, 368,687 (20.0%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 51,606 (26.3%) of 195,975 residents of New Mexico who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

New Mexico Poverty Rate By City

New Mexico Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Agua Fria

78th

24.4% 2,969

Alamogordo

52nd

17.3% 30,963

Albuquerque

54th

18.2% 556,718

Anthony

136th

48.6% 9,397

Arenas Valley

96th

28.9% 1,786

Artesia

64th

19.8% 11,842

Aztec

31st

12.5% 6,635

Bayard

70th

22.7% 2,571

Belen

101st

30.8% 7,125

Bernalillo

57th

19.0% 8,991

Bloomfield

62nd

19.6% 8,039

Boles Acres

38th

14.5% 2,020

Bosque Farms

21st

9.8% 3,819

Cannon AFB

27th

12.0% 2,654

Carlsbad

40th

15.0% 28,393

Carnuel

26th

11.2% 1,801

Chaparral

132nd

45.6% 14,652

Chimayo

95th

28.8% 2,680

Clayton

67th

20.4% 2,987

Clovis

77th

24.2% 39,255

Corrales

12th

6.6% 8,463

Crownpoint

103rd

30.9% 2,445

Deming

116th

34.3% 14,339

Dulce

105th

31.4% 2,705

Edgewood

33rd

13.3% 3,845

El Cerro Mission

121st

36.2% 4,684

El Cerro

84th

25.5% 2,639

Eldorado at Santa Fe

7th

4.9% 6,203

Española

117th

34.5% 10,069

Eunice

56th

18.9% 3,065

Farmington

51st

16.8% 45,857

Flora Vista

5th

3.9% 1,935

Gallup

99th

29.9% 22,063

Grants

88th

26.7% 9,094

Hobbs

63rd

19.7% 37,427

Holloman AFB

22nd

9.9% 3,996

Jal

19th

9.7% 2,071

Jarales

9th

5.5% 2,054

Jemez Pueblo

76th

23.8% 2,022

Keeler Farm

98th

29.9% 1,760

La Cienega

24th

10.6% 3,194

La Mesilla

37th

13.8% 2,403

Las Cruces

79th

24.4% 101,014

Las Maravillas

53rd

17.7% 1,758

Las Vegas

123rd

36.3% 13,445

Lee Acres

73rd

23.4% 5,784

Lordsburg

100th

30.5% 2,689

Los Alamos

10th

6.4% 12,035

Los Chaves

49th

16.2% 5,380

Los Lunas

34th

13.4% 15,258

Los Ranchos de Albuquerque

36th

13.8% 6,097

Lovington

45th

15.3% 11,558

Meadow Lake

129th

39.3% 4,257

Mesilla

44th

15.2% 2,485

Milan

125th

37.3% 3,644

Monterey Park

141st

72.4% 1,897

Moriarty

110th

32.0% 2,276

Nambe

58th

19.1% 1,876

Navajo

140th

62.1% 1,676

North Hobbs

13th

6.6% 6,083

North Valley

30th

12.5% 11,999

Paradise Hills

17th

8.2% 5,576

Peralta

25th

11.1% 3,590

Placitas

14th

6.8% 4,696

Pojoaque

47th

16.1% 2,035

Portales

102nd

30.9% 12,123

Questa

59th

19.2% 2,266

Ranchos de Taos

20th

9.7% 2,092

Raton

74th

23.5% 6,249

Rio Communities

42nd

15.1% 4,593

Rio Rancho

29th

12.3% 93,317

Roswell

69th

21.0% 48,163

Ruidoso Downs

71st

22.8% 2,607

Ruidoso

41st

15.0% 7,740

San Felipe Pueblo

109th

31.9% 2,786

San Ysidro

86th

26.3% 2,098

Sandia Heights

4th

2.7% 3,337

Santa Clara

82nd

25.0% 1,742

Santa Fe

43rd

15.1% 82,980

Santa Rosa

50th

16.7% 3,135

Santa Teresa

90th

27.2% 4,784

Santo Domingo Pueblo

114th

33.5% 2,596

Sausal

113th

33.4% 1,667

Shiprock

107th

31.6% 8,956

Silver City

108th

31.9% 9,882

Socorro

112th

32.2% 8,608

South Valley

89th

26.7% 41,391

Sunland Park

126th

38.0% 16,051

Taos

80th

24.5% 5,687

Tome

39th

14.7% 2,484

Truth or Consequences

85th

26.3% 6,029

Tucumcari

91st

27.5% 5,004

Tularosa

35th

13.7% 2,902

University Park

139th

61.5% 3,164

Vado

135th

47.6% 1,951

Valencia

124th

36.8% 1,763

Waterflow

32nd

13.0% 2,158

West Hammond

15th

7.0% 2,742

White Rock

2nd

2.1% 5,878

Zuni Pueblo

120th

35.8% 7,532

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
New Mexico Social Security Statistics

New Mexico Social Security

New Mexico Social Security Statistics

New Mexico Social Security

Social Security Payments in New Mexico

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout New Mexico? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

New Mexico Social Security
New Mexico Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

New Mexico Food Stamp Statistics.

New Mexico Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in New Mexico

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in New Mexico? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

New Mexico Food Stamps

Welfare Info