Poverty in Tennessee

What is the poverty rate in Tennessee?
The poverty rate in Tennessee is 16.7%. One out of every 6 residents of Tennessee lives in poverty.

How many people in Tennessee live in poverty?
1,072,360 of 6,436,601 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Tennessee compare to the national average?
Tennessee ranks 41st in Poverty Rate at 16.7%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Tennessee is moderately higher than the national average of 14.6%.

Tennessee Poverty Rate County Map

Tennessee County Poverty Rate Comparison

Tennessee Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Tennessee?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Tennessee is 15.3%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Tennessee is 17.9%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Tennessee

Female residents of Tennessee are moderately(16%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

478,314 of 3,124,446 males in Tennessee live below the poverty line.

594,046 of 3,312,155 females in Tennessee live below the poverty line.

Tennessee Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Tennessee By Age?

Tennessee Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Tennessee Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 27.9%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 24.5%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 20.6%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 16.0%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 9.9%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 10.9%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 12.1%.

Historical Tennessee Poverty Rate

Tennessee Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

17.7% 15.3%

2011

18.3% 3.0% 15.9%

2012

17.9% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

17.8% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

18.3% 3.0% 15.5%

2015

16.7% 9.0% 14.7%

2016

15.8% 6.0% 14.0%

2017

15.0% 5.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Tennessee Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,065,419

27.1% 25.2% 16.1%

American Indian

16,986

17.8% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

108,195

10.7% 11.9% 1.6%

Pacific Islander

3,620

32.7% 19.0% 0.1%

Other

87,483

34.2% 23.8% 1.3%

Two Or More Races

133,862

24.0% 18.4% 2.0%

White

4,792,588

13.3% 10.3% 72.6%

Hispanic

333,765

30.5% 22.2% 5.1%

What's the Poverty Rate in Tennessee By Race?

27.1% of Black residents of Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Tennessee is the same as than the national average. 288,306 of 1,065,419 black Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 16.1% of the total population of Tennessee are black.

10.7% of Asian residents of Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Tennessee is the same as than the national average. 11,605 of 108,195 asian Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.6% of the total population of Tennessee is asian.

13.3% of White residents of Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Tennessee is the same as than the national average. 639,262 of 4,792,588 white Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 72.6% of the total population of Tennessee are white.

30.5% of Hispanic residents of Tennessee live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Tennessee is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 101,739 of 333,765 hispanic Tennesseans live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Tennessee are hispanic.

Tennessee Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Tennessee can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 22.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in school is moderately higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 340,345 of 1,504,590 Tennesseans enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 22.8% of the total population of Tennessee are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 14.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents not enrolled in school is moderately higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 665,566 of 4,698,943 Tennesseans not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 71.2% of the total population of Tennessee are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Tennessee is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 21.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in nursery school is moderately higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 18,431 of 86,802 Tennesseans enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of Tennessee is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 24.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is moderately higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 79,594 of 322,599 Tennesseans enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Tennessee are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Tennessee can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 22.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is moderately higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 73,862 of 332,134 Tennesseans enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Tennessee are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 19.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is moderately higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 66,213 of 336,283 Tennesseans enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.1% of the total population of Tennessee are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 24.5%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 67,736 of 276,280 Tennesseans enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.2% of the total population of Tennessee are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Tennessee have a Poverty Rate of 17.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Tennessee residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is slightly higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 12,710 of 72,005 Tennesseans enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.1% of the total population of Tennessee is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Tennessee Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Tennessee born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

16.4%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Tennessee who were born citizens of the United States is 16.4%.

21.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Tennessee who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 21.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Tennessee born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Tennessee have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 6,114,021 residents of Tennessee who were born citizens of the United States, 1,003,542 (16.4%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 68,818 (21.3%) of 322,580 residents of Tennessee who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Tennessee Poverty Rate By City

Tennessee Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Alcoa

142nd

19.1% 9,343

Arlington

6th

1.8% 11,678

Athens

214th

26.3% 13,559

Atoka

29th

5.8% 8,994

Bartlett

36th

6.7% 58,640

Bloomingdale

160th

20.5% 9,222

Brentwood

10th

2.9% 41,524

Bristol

121st

16.7% 26,668

Brownsville

193rd

23.7% 9,829

Chattanooga

162nd

20.7% 176,291

Church Hill

103rd

14.0% 6,686

Clarksville

113th

15.3% 147,771

Cleveland

175th

22.0% 43,496

Clinton

111th

15.2% 9,961

Collegedale

65th

10.3% 10,902

Collierville

24th

4.7% 48,960

Columbia

147th

19.5% 36,635

Cookeville

229th

28.7% 32,536

Covington

242nd

30.9% 8,921

Crossville

239th

30.6% 11,284

Dayton

248th

31.8% 7,341

Dickson

146th

19.5% 15,128

Dyersburg

174th

21.9% 16,666

East Ridge

101st

13.9% 21,193

Elizabethton

176th

22.3% 13,796

Erwin

246th

31.6% 5,921

Fairfield Glade

48th

7.9% 8,217

Fairview

51st

8.3% 8,442

Farragut

22nd

4.3% 21,975

Fayetteville

241st

30.9% 6,976

Franklin

39th

7.0% 72,990

Gallatin

85th

12.9% 34,495

Germantown

13th

3.2% 39,230

Goodlettsville

81st

12.1% 16,935

Green Hill

11th

3.0% 7,117

Greenbrier

69th

10.8% 6,720

Greeneville

159th

20.4% 14,895

Harriman

183rd

22.8% 6,153

Harrison

26th

5.2% 7,427

Hartsville/Trousdale County

91st

13.3% 8,773

Henderson

226th

27.7% 6,237

Hendersonville

32nd

6.4% 55,635

Humboldt

228th

28.0% 8,155

Jackson

204th

24.7% 66,977

Jefferson City

178th

22.3% 8,220

Johnson City

177th

22.3% 65,598

Kingsport

152nd

20.0% 52,698

Kingston

74th

11.5% 5,812

Knoxville

215th

26.5% 184,465

La Follette

232nd

29.1% 6,983

La Vergne

66th

10.4% 34,905

Lakeland

14th

3.3% 12,623

Lawrenceburg

155th

20.3% 10,614

Lebanon

108th

15.0% 30,212

Lenoir City

198th

23.9% 9,007

Lewisburg

165th

20.8% 11,457

Lexington

219th

26.9% 7,731

Loudon

169th

21.5% 5,697

Lynchburg, Moore County

47th

7.7% 6,302

Manchester

105th

14.7% 10,430

Martin

255th

33.1% 10,797

Maryville

77th

11.8% 28,208

McKenzie

199th

24.1% 5,455

McMinnville

245th

31.5% 13,591

Memphis

218th

26.9% 654,723

Middle Valley

25th

4.7% 12,252

Milan

156th

20.3% 7,715

Millersville

53rd

8.4% 6,760

Millington

188th

23.3% 11,073

Morristown

217th

26.9% 29,446

Mount Juliet

41st

7.4% 31,397

Munford

100th

13.8% 6,009

Murfreesboro

109th

15.0% 126,188

Nashville-Davidson metropolitan government (balance)

125th

17.2% 654,187

Newport

273rd

40.8% 6,780

Nolensville

3rd

1.6% 7,119

Oak Ridge

112th

15.2% 29,009

Oakland

23rd

4.7% 7,508

Paris

180th

22.5% 10,059

Pigeon Forge

116th

16.0% 6,147

Portland

120th

16.6% 12,258

Pulaski

154th

20.2% 7,653

Red Bank

151st

20.0% 11,744

Ripley

266th

36.5% 8,148

Savannah

256th

33.3% 6,977

Sevierville

186th

23.3% 16,387

Seymour

54th

8.5% 10,574

Shelbyville

195th

23.8% 21,028

Signal Mountain

9th

2.3% 8,507

Smyrna

76th

11.8% 46,885

Soddy-Daisy

83rd

12.2% 13,364

South Cleveland

203rd

24.7% 7,882

Spring Hill

12th

3.1% 35,995

Springfield

143rd

19.1% 16,692

Sweetwater

107th

14.9% 5,842

Tellico Village

30th

5.8% 5,890

Tullahoma

136th

18.4% 19,037

Union City

247th

31.7% 10,479

White House

35th

6.7% 11,107

Winchester

86th

12.9% 8,467

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Tennessee Social Security Statistics

Tennessee Social Security

Tennessee Social Security Statistics

Tennessee Social Security

Social Security Payments in Tennessee

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Tennessee? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Tennessee Social Security
Tennessee Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Tennessee Food Stamp Statistics.

Tennessee Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Tennessee

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Tennessee? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Tennessee Food Stamps

Welfare Info