Poverty in Virginia

What is the poverty rate in Virginia?
The poverty rate in Virginia is 11.2%. One out of every 8.9 residents of Virginia lives in poverty.

How many people in Virginia live in poverty?
906,838 of 8,116,130 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Virginia compare to the national average?
Virginia ranks 12th in Poverty Rate at 11.2%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Virginia is significantly lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Virginia Poverty Rate County Map

Virginia County Poverty Rate Comparison

Virginia Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Virginia?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Virginia is 10.0%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Virginia is 12.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Virginia

Female residents of Virginia are meaningfully(23%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

396,646 of 3,956,535 males in Virginia live below the poverty line.

510,192 of 4,159,595 females in Virginia live below the poverty line.

Virginia Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Virginia By Age?

Virginia Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Virginia Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 16.2%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 15.2%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 13.3%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 11.0%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 7.1%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 8.3%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 10.3%.

Historical Virginia Poverty Rate

Virginia Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

11.1% 15.3%

2011

11.5% 4.0% 15.9%

2012

11.7% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

11.7% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

11.8% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

11.2% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

11.0% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

10.6% 3.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Virginia Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

1,531,025

19.4% 25.2% 18.3%

American Indian

21,503

13.0% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

511,014

7.5% 11.9% 6.1%

Pacific Islander

5,036

5.3% 19.0% 0.1%

Other

195,566

17.6% 23.8% 2.3%

Two Or More Races

282,473

13.2% 18.4% 3.4%

White

5,100,551

8.5% 10.3% 61.0%

Hispanic

729,278

15.0% 22.2% 8.7%

What's the Poverty Rate in Virginia By Race?

19.4% of Black residents of Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Virginia is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 297,513 of 1,531,025 black Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 18.3% of the total population of Virginia are black.

7.5% of Asian residents of Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Virginia is dramatically lower than the national average of 11.9%. 38,579 of 511,014 asian Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.1% of the total population of Virginia are asian.

8.5% of White residents of Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Virginia is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 431,626 of 5,100,551 white Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 61.0% of the total population of Virginia are white.

15.0% of Hispanic residents of Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Virginia is dramatically lower than the national average of 22.2%. 109,092 of 729,278 hispanic Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 8.7% of the total population of Virginia are hispanic.

Virginia Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Virginia can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 15.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 316,468 of 2,029,455 Virginians enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 24.3% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 9.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents not enrolled in school is significantly lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 542,273 of 5,790,283 Virginians not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 69.2% of the total population of Virginia are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Virginia is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 12.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 15,131 of 124,394 Virginians enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.5% of the total population of Virginia is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 15.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is significantly lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 63,325 of 410,196 Virginians enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Virginia can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 14.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is significantly lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 56,997 of 405,962 Virginians enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 13.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is significantly lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 54,521 of 420,194 Virginians enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 21.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly lower than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 90,045 of 421,963 Virginians enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 13.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Virginia residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is meaningfully lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 18,760 of 140,245 Virginians enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.7% of the total population of Virginia are currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Virginia Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Virginia born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

11.2%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Virginia who were born citizens of the United States is 11.2%.

11.3%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Virginia who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 11.3%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Virginia born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Virginia have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 7,114,439 residents of Virginia who were born citizens of the United States, 793,367 (11.2%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 113,471 (11.3%) of 1,001,691 residents of Virginia who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Virginia Poverty Rate By City

Virginia Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Alexandria

196th

10.5% 154,710

Annandale

209th

11.8% 44,504

Arlington

160th

8.2% 229,534

Ashburn

72nd

4.2% 49,895

Bailey's Crossroads

278th

19.4% 24,521

Blacksburg

360th

43.7% 44,079

Bon Air

103rd

5.5% 17,428

Brambleton

14th

1.5% 19,876

Brandermill

27th

2.2% 13,996

Bristol

295th

21.3% 17,077

Broadlands

28th

2.3% 13,859

Buckhall

107th

5.7% 17,399

Bull Run

197th

10.5% 15,235

Burke Centre

66th

3.8% 17,969

Burke

41st

2.7% 42,710

Cave Spring

134th

6.9% 25,542

Centreville

117th

6.2% 74,627

Chantilly

161st

8.2% 24,802

Charlottesville

319th

24.5% 46,487

Cherry Hill

202nd

10.8% 18,800

Chesapeake

180th

9.6% 235,410

Chester

147th

7.8% 21,957

Christiansburg

150th

7.9% 21,892

Colonial Heights

220th

13.2% 17,582

Culpeper

225th

13.9% 17,882

Dale City

163rd

8.4% 73,279

Danville

297th

21.5% 41,911

East Highland Park

230th

14.4% 15,276

Fair Oaks

133rd

6.9% 33,789

Fairfax

149th

7.8% 23,580

Falls Church

45th

2.9% 13,843

Fort Hunt

6th

1.1% 16,978

Franconia

56th

3.5% 20,145

Franklin Farm

21st

2.0% 19,588

Fredericksburg

250th

16.3% 28,135

Front Royal

244th

15.6% 15,027

Gainesville

60th

3.5% 15,283

Glen Allen

109th

5.8% 16,339

Great Falls

48th

3.1% 15,589

Groveton

181st

9.7% 16,704

Hampton

235th

14.9% 136,255

Harrisonburg

338th

29.0% 53,064

Herndon

130th

6.8% 24,545

Highland Springs

267th

17.9% 16,109

Hollins

140th

7.4% 14,300

Hopewell

291st

21.2% 22,353

Huntington

139th

7.4% 12,992

Hybla Valley

248th

16.1% 16,768

Idylwood

131st

6.9% 18,678

Kings Park West

159th

8.1% 14,578

Kingstowne

42nd

2.8% 16,332

Lake Ridge

127th

6.5% 44,552

Lakeside

252nd

16.4% 13,033

Laurel

173rd

8.8% 17,176

Leesburg

86th

4.9% 51,015

Lincolnia

177th

9.4% 24,344

Linton Hall

40th

2.6% 40,832

Lorton

119th

6.2% 20,268

Lynchburg

305th

22.3% 79,237

Manassas Park

193rd

10.3% 16,117

Manassas

172nd

8.8% 41,379

Martinsville

316th

24.0% 13,256

Marumsco

207th

11.5% 39,390

McLean

50th

3.1% 47,305

McNair

25th

2.2% 21,183

Meadowbrook

179th

9.5% 18,659

Mechanicsville

106th

5.7% 37,674

Merrifield

157th

8.1% 17,243

Montclair

23rd

2.1% 20,241

Mount Vernon

124th

6.5% 12,648

Neabsco

54th

3.4% 16,839

Newington

58th

3.5% 13,373

Newport News

251st

16.4% 180,775

Norfolk

290th

21.0% 245,752

Oakton

132nd

6.9% 37,166

Petersburg

335th

27.6% 32,037

Portsmouth

265th

17.7% 95,536

Radford

355th

37.5% 17,380

Reston

138th

7.3% 60,352

Richmond

323rd

25.2% 220,892

Roanoke

300th

21.6% 99,572

Rose Hill

121st

6.2% 21,865

Salem

174th

8.9% 25,521

Short Pump

29th

2.3% 26,624

South Riding

55th

3.4% 30,426

Springfield

114th

6.0% 30,556

Staunton

221st

13.3% 24,273

Sterling

89th

4.9% 30,378

Sudley

187th

9.9% 17,849

Suffolk

204th

11.2% 88,057

Sugarland Run

167th

8.7% 12,994

Timberlake

188th

10.0% 13,413

Tuckahoe

184th

9.8% 48,691

Vienna

52nd

3.2% 16,474

Virginia Beach

155th

8.0% 450,057

Waynesboro

262nd

17.4% 21,620

West Springfield

43rd

2.8% 23,106

Williamsburg

298th

21.5% 14,817

Winchester

216th

12.5% 27,516

Wolf Trap

17th

1.7% 17,086

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Virginia Social Security Statistics

Virginia Social Security

Virginia Social Security Statistics

Virginia Social Security

Social Security Payments in Virginia

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Virginia? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Virginia Social Security
Virginia Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Virginia Food Stamp Statistics.

Virginia Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Virginia

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Virginia? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Virginia Food Stamps

Welfare Info