Poverty in Washington

What is the poverty rate in Washington?
The poverty rate in Washington is 12.2%. One out of every 8.2 residents of Washington lives in poverty.

How many people in Washington live in poverty?
859,950 of 7,037,413 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in Washington compare to the national average?
Washington ranks 18th in Poverty Rate at 12.2%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of Washington is moderately lower than the national average of 14.6%.

Washington Poverty Rate County Map

Washington County Poverty Rate Comparison

Washington Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Washington?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Washington is 11.3%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Washington is 13.1%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Washington

Female residents of Washington are moderately(15%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

396,258 of 3,502,836 males in Washington live below the poverty line.

463,692 of 3,534,577 females in Washington live below the poverty line.

Washington Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in Washington By Age?

Washington Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Washington Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 16.6%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 16.0%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 14.8%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 12.3%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 7.8%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 8.5%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 10.8%.

Historical Washington Poverty Rate

Washington Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

13.4% 15.3%

2011

13.9% 3.0% 15.9%

2012

13.5% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

14.1% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

13.2% 7.0% 15.5%

2015

12.2% 8.0% 14.7%

2016

11.3% 8.0% 14.0%

2017

11.0% 2.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Washington Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

251,919

22.7% 25.2% 3.5%

American Indian

91,418

25.3% 26.8% 1.3%

Asian

570,724

10.6% 11.9% 8.0%

Pacific Islander

45,057

17.6% 19.0% 0.6%

Other

288,191

22.8% 23.8% 4.0%

Two Or More Races

383,344

15.7% 18.4% 5.3%

White

4,916,673

9.8% 10.3% 68.6%

Hispanic

865,738

21.5% 22.2% 12.1%

What's the Poverty Rate in Washington By Race?

22.7% of Black residents of Washington live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Washington is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 57,248 of 251,919 black Washingtonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.5% of the total population of Washington are black.

10.6% of Asian residents of Washington live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Washington is the same as than the national average. 60,422 of 570,724 asian Washingtonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 8.0% of the total population of Washington are asian.

9.8% of White residents of Washington live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Washington is the same as than the national average. 483,465 of 4,916,673 white Washingtonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 68.6% of the total population of Washington are white.

21.5% of Hispanic residents of Washington live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Washington is the same as than the national average. 186,188 of 865,738 hispanic Washingtonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 12.1% of the total population of Washington are hispanic.

Washington Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Washington can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 17.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in school is moderately lower than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 288,091 of 1,665,347 Washingtonians enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 23.2% of the total population of Washington are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 10.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents not enrolled in school is moderately lower than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 527,806 of 5,114,692 Washingtonians not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 71.3% of the total population of Washington are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in Washington is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 12.7%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically lower than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 12,968 of 102,210 Washingtonians enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.4% of the total population of Washington is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 16.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is significantly lower than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 57,218 of 353,185 Washingtonians enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.9% of the total population of Washington are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Washington can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 14.8%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is meaningfully lower than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 50,988 of 343,737 Washingtonians enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.8% of the total population of Washington are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 15.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is moderately lower than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 55,052 of 359,088 Washingtonians enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 5.0% of the total population of Washington are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 25.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in undergraduate school is slightly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 85,652 of 337,981 Washingtonians enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.7% of the total population of Washington are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Washington have a Poverty Rate of 15.3%.
  • The Poverty Rate of Washington residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is moderately lower than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 12,269 of 80,202 Washingtonians enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.1% of the total population of Washington is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Washington Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Washington born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

11.8%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Washington who were born citizens of the United States is 11.8%.

14.9%

The Poverty Rate for residents of Washington who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 14.9%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Washington born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Washington have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 6,060,365 residents of Washington who were born citizens of the United States, 714,323 (11.8%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 145,627 (14.9%) of 977,048 residents of Washington who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Washington Poverty Rate By City

Washington Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Aberdeen

352nd

23.3% 16,281

Anacortes

178th

10.0% 16,425

Arlington

182nd

10.1% 18,884

Artondale

80th

5.7% 12,937

Auburn

255th

13.6% 77,440

Bainbridge Island

53rd

4.8% 23,689

Battle Ground

188th

10.4% 19,439

Bellevue

125th

7.4% 139,014

Bellingham

344th

21.6% 85,388

Bonney Lake

131st

7.6% 19,560

Bothell West

84th

5.8% 20,472

Bothell

88th

5.9% 44,082

Bremerton

315th

18.1% 39,584

Bryn Mawr-Skyway

286th

15.5% 18,365

Burien

281st

15.2% 50,729

Camas

31st

3.7% 22,086

Centralia

339th

21.2% 16,771

Cottage Lake

20th

2.8% 23,941

Covington

75th

5.5% 19,918

Des Moines

223rd

12.0% 31,080

East Wenatchee

312th

17.7% 13,624

Eastmont

35th

4.0% 21,951

Edmonds

95th

6.1% 41,309

Elk Plain

250th

13.4% 14,280

Ellensburg

377th

34.1% 19,307

Everett

296th

16.3% 107,560

Fairwood

54th

4.8% 19,531

Federal Way

229th

12.3% 94,905

Ferndale

271st

14.4% 13,171

Five Corners

207th

11.4% 18,405

Fort Lewis

294th

16.1% 13,920

Frederickson

164th

9.1% 21,737

Graham

103rd

6.6% 26,939

Hazel Dell

226th

12.1% 21,449

Issaquah

118th

7.2% 35,629

Kelso

371st

28.7% 11,864

Kenmore

135th

7.7% 22,154

Kennewick

302nd

16.7% 78,858

Kent

277th

14.8% 126,561

Kirkland

101st

6.5% 86,772

Lacey

172nd

9.8% 46,655

Lake Forest Park

44th

4.4% 13,247

Lake Stevens

146th

8.3% 31,022

Lake Tapps

55th

4.8% 13,091

Lakeland North

176th

9.9% 12,487

Lakeland South

123rd

7.4% 13,982

Lakewood

322nd

19.3% 59,102

Longview

351st

23.0% 36,740

Lynden

124th

7.4% 13,452

Lynnwood

273rd

14.4% 37,242

Maple Valley

48th

4.5% 25,375

Martha Lake

157th

8.7% 18,566

Marysville

161st

9.0% 66,178

Mercer Island

43rd

4.3% 24,768

Mill Creek East

65th

5.1% 20,514

Mill Creek

87th

5.9% 19,706

Monroe

201st

11.2% 18,149

Moses Lake

265th

14.0% 22,038

Mount Vernon

307th

17.5% 33,787

Mountlake Terrace

132nd

7.6% 20,922

Mukilteo

58th

4.9% 21,101

North Lynnwood

195th

10.9% 20,626

Oak Harbor

249th

13.4% 22,527

Olympia

317th

18.4% 49,928

Orchards

190th

10.5% 21,299

Parkland

308th

17.5% 37,019

Pasco

300th

16.5% 70,607

Port Angeles

353rd

23.3% 19,419

Port Orchard

245th

13.1% 13,476

Prairie Ridge

142nd

8.1% 12,733

Pullman

381st

37.5% 32,382

Puyallup

192nd

10.6% 39,637

Redmond

92nd

6.0% 60,712

Renton

196th

10.9% 99,692

Richland

174th

9.9% 53,991

Salmon Creek

173rd

9.8% 21,068

Sammamish

14th

2.4% 62,877

SeaTac

285th

15.5% 28,597

Seattle

231st

12.5% 688,245

Shoreline

162nd

9.0% 55,431

Silver Firs

28th

3.4% 22,937

Silverdale

121st

7.2% 20,664

Snoqualmie

5th

1.3% 12,944

South Hill

138th

8.0% 56,379

Spanaway

217th

11.8% 30,528

Spokane Valley

269th

14.1% 94,424

Spokane

323rd

19.4% 212,982

Sunnyside

360th

25.4% 16,248

Tacoma

304th

17.0% 207,280

Tukwila

340th

21.2% 20,025

Tumwater

171st

9.7% 22,005

Union Hill-Novelty Hill

24th

3.3% 22,109

University Place

205th

11.3% 32,528

Vancouver

267th

14.0% 171,393

Walla Walla

318th

18.7% 32,585

Washougal

163rd

9.1% 15,241

Wenatchee

234th

12.6% 33,544

West Richland

168th

9.5% 13,797

White Center

326th

19.7% 15,300

Yakima

336th

20.4% 93,182

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
Washington Social Security Statistics

Washington Social Security

Washington Social Security Statistics

Washington Social Security

Social Security Payments in Washington

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout Washington? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

Washington Social Security
Washington Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

Washington Food Stamp Statistics.

Washington Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in Washington

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in Washington? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

Washington Food Stamps

Welfare Info