Poverty in West Virginia

What is the poverty rate in West Virginia?
The poverty rate in West Virginia is 17.8%. One out of every 5.6 residents of West Virginia lives in poverty.

How many people in West Virginia live in poverty?
317,089 of 1,784,004 residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the Poverty Rate in West Virginia compare to the national average?
West Virginia ranks 44th in Poverty Rate at 17.8%(poverty rankings by state).The Poverty Rate of West Virginia is meaningfully higher than the national average of 14.6%.

West Virginia Poverty Rate County Map

West Virginia County Poverty Rate Comparison

West Virginia Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in West Virginia?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in West Virginia is 16.2%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in West Virginia is 19.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of West Virginia

Female residents of West Virginia are moderately(19%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

142,103 of 876,815 males in West Virginia live below the poverty line.

174,986 of 907,189 females in West Virginia live below the poverty line.

West Virginia Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate in West Virginia By Age?

West Virginia Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of West Virginia Poverty Rate By Age

  • Children Under 6 in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 29.3%.
  • Children 6 to 11 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 24.7%.
  • Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 20.1%.
  • Adults 18 to 59 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 18.9%.
  • Adults 60 to 74 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 9.8%.
  • 75 to 84 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 9.8%.
  • Over 85 Years Old in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 11.4%.

Historical West Virginia Poverty Rate

West Virginia Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

18.1% 15.3%

2011

18.6% 2.0% 15.9%

2012

17.8% 4.0% 15.9%

2013

18.5% 4.0% 15.8%

2014

18.3% 1.0% 15.5%

2015

17.9% 1.0% 14.7%

2016

17.9% 0.0% 14.0%

2017

19.1% 6.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

West Virginia Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

57,462

29.7% 25.2% 3.1%

American Indian

3,112

21.5% 26.8% 0.2%

Asian

13,684

15.1% 11.9% 0.7%

Other

6,446

34.9% 23.8% 0.4%

Two Or More Races

30,193

28.9% 18.4% 1.6%

White

1,654,358

17.1% 10.3% 90.1%

Hispanic

24,518

24.2% 22.2% 1.3%

What's the Poverty Rate in West Virginia By Race?

29.7% of Black residents of West Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in West Virginia is the same as than the national average. 17,067 of 57,462 black West Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.1% of the total population of West Virginia are black.

15.1% of Asian residents of West Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in West Virginia is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 2,060 of 13,684 asian West Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 0.7% of the total population of West Virginia is asian.

17.1% of White residents of West Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in West Virginia is dramatically higher than the national average of 10.3%. 282,149 of 1,654,358 white West Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 90.1% of the total population of West Virginia are white.

24.2% of Hispanic residents of West Virginia live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in West Virginia is the same as than the national average. 5,934 of 24,518 hispanic West Virginians live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.3% of the total population of West Virginia is hispanic.

West Virginia Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in West Virginia can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 24.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in school is meaningfully higher than the national average of 20.1%. This translates to 91,616 of 372,844 West Virginians enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 20.3% of the total population of West Virginia are currently enrolled in school.

  • Not Enrolled in School in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 15.4%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents not enrolled in school is meaningfully higher than the national average of 12.2%. This translates to 208,307 of 1,354,095 West Virginians not enrolled in school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 73.7% of the total population of West Virginia are currently not enrolled in school.

Poverty for younger ages in West Virginia is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 26.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in nursery school is dramatically higher than the national average of 18.0%. This translates to 5,651 of 21,226 West Virginians enrolled in nursery school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.2% of the total population of West Virginia is currently enrolled in nursery school.

  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 25.1%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) is moderately higher than the national average of 21.2%. This translates to 20,371 of 81,148 West Virginians enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.4% of the total population of West Virginia are currently enrolled in elementary school(grades 1-4).

Poverty for developing children and young adults in West Virginia can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 22.0%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) is moderately higher than the national average of 19.0%. This translates to 18,224 of 82,756 West Virginians enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.5% of the total population of West Virginia are currently enrolled in middle school(grade 5-8).

  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 19.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) is slightly higher than the national average of 17.7%. This translates to 15,657 of 81,721 West Virginians enrolled in high school (grades 9-12) living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 4.4% of the total population of West Virginia are currently enrolled in high school (grades 9-12).

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 32.6%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in undergraduate school is significantly higher than the national average of 23.4%. This translates to 22,221 of 68,085 West Virginians enrolled in undergraduate school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 3.7% of the total population of West Virginia are currently enrolled in undergraduate school.

  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in West Virginia have a Poverty Rate of 23.2%.
  • The Poverty Rate of West Virginia residents enrolled in graduate or professional school is significantly higher than the national average of 17.2%. This translates to 4,212 of 18,169 West Virginians enrolled in graduate or professional school living below the poverty line within the past year. Approximately 1.0% of the total population of West Virginia is currently enrolled in graduate or professional school.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

West Virginia Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of West Virginia born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

17.8%

The Poverty Rate for residents of West Virginia who were born citizens of the United States is 17.8%.

18.5%

The Poverty Rate for residents of West Virginia who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 18.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of West Virginia born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of West Virginia have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 1,756,461 residents of West Virginia who were born citizens of the United States, 311,997 (17.8%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 5,092 (18.5%) of 27,543 residents of West Virginia who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

West Virginia Poverty Rate By City

West Virginia Poverty Rate Distribution by City
City Rank Poverty Rate Population

Alum Creek

8th

7.0% 1,767

Barboursville

11th

7.7% 4,186

Beckley

83rd

20.2% 16,963

Belington

139th

29.5% 2,031

Bethlehem

19th

9.4% 2,459

Blennerhassett

21st

10.1% 3,335

Bluefield

116th

25.2% 10,144

Bluewell

137th

29.2% 2,378

Bradley

71st

17.7% 1,801

Bridgeport

3rd

2.7% 8,382

Brookhaven

20th

9.5% 5,467

Buckhannon

131st

27.8% 5,596

Charles Town

38th

12.6% 5,766

Charleston

88th

20.7% 49,384

Cheat Lake

18th

8.4% 9,540

Chesapeake

81st

19.8% 1,820

Chester

10th

7.6% 2,713

Clarksburg

107th

23.4% 15,963

Coal City

85th

20.5% 1,823

Crab Orchard

94th

21.6% 2,102

Craigsville

65th

16.5% 1,784

Cross Lanes

29th

11.6% 9,835

Culloden

67th

17.1% 3,256

Daniels

23rd

10.3% 2,379

Dunbar

33rd

12.4% 7,571

Elkins

92nd

21.0% 7,154

Elkview

69th

17.5% 1,694

Fairlea

143rd

30.5% 1,743

Fairmont

113th

24.3% 18,575

Fayetteville

72nd

18.1% 2,844

Follansbee

37th

12.6% 2,856

Glenville

155th

45.6% 1,906

Grafton

97th

21.9% 5,118

Granville

106th

23.3% 2,538

Hamlin

144th

31.5% 1,619

Harrisville

53rd

14.7% 2,324

Hinton

86th

20.6% 2,713

Hooverson Heights

14th

8.0% 2,578

Huntington

146th

32.5% 48,034

Hurricane

32nd

12.0% 6,450

Inwood

9th

7.2% 2,999

Kenova

60th

15.5% 3,083

Keyser

119th

25.8% 5,183

Kingwood

49th

14.3% 2,942

Lewisburg

74th

18.3% 3,923

Logan

134th

28.2% 1,662

MacArthur

140th

29.6% 1,700

Madison

50th

14.4% 2,896

Mannington

15th

8.1% 1,822

Martinsburg

128th

27.4% 17,451

McMechen

58th

15.5% 1,772

Milton

73rd

18.1% 2,599

Montgomery

141st

30.3% 1,664

Moorefield

90th

20.9% 3,174

Morgantown

148th

35.5% 30,099

Moundsville

103rd

22.9% 8,737

Mullens

45th

13.1% 1,675

New Martinsville

109th

23.6% 5,222

Nitro

46th

13.8% 6,534

Oak Hill

115th

24.9% 8,565

Paden City

96th

21.8% 2,853

Parkersburg

117th

25.2% 30,596

Pea Ridge

34th

12.4% 6,345

Petersburg

56th

14.9% 2,495

Philippi

152nd

44.6% 3,407

Pinch

12th

7.7% 2,697

Pleasant Valley

35th

12.4% 3,175

Point Pleasant

121st

26.1% 4,218

Princeton

124th

26.4% 5,967

Ranson

102nd

22.7% 4,945

Ravenswood

89th

20.8% 3,796

Richwood

142nd

30.5% 1,999

Ripley

136th

29.0% 3,220

Romney

114th

24.5% 2,218

Ronceverte

61st

15.9% 1,808

Salem

78th

19.0% 1,625

Shady Spring

28th

11.2% 3,584

Shannondale

13th

7.8% 3,514

Shinnston

44th

13.1% 2,698

Sissonville

47th

14.1% 4,617

South Charleston

54th

14.7% 12,902

Spencer

138th

29.4% 1,994

St. Albans

76th

18.7% 10,600

St. Marys

48th

14.1% 1,839

Star City

79th

19.4% 2,256

Stonewood

57th

15.1% 1,833

Summersville

68th

17.3% 3,433

Teays Valley

6th

5.2% 13,805

Vienna

22nd

10.2% 10,547

Weirton

63rd

16.4% 19,081

Welch

127th

27.1% 3,217

Wellsburg

75th

18.5% 2,669

West Liberty

135th

28.3% 1,714

Weston

105th

23.1% 4,040

Westover

77th

18.9% 4,154

Wheeling

59th

15.5% 27,521

White Sulphur Springs

111th

24.0% 2,667

Williamson

154th

45.2% 2,944

Williamstown

31st

11.7% 2,928

Winfield

40th

12.7% 2,332

Research & Reports

USA National Poverty Rate by County

Poverty Rate

USA Poverty Rate Statistics

View Poverty Report

National Poverty Statistics

Where are the most poverty-stricken areas in your state? We breakdown over 3,000 counties nationwide and show the rank the best and worst communities by poverty rate in your area.

See Poverty Statistics
West Virginia Social Security Statistics

West Virginia Social Security

West Virginia Social Security Statistics

West Virginia Social Security

Social Security Payments in West Virginia

How are the Social Security Payments distributed throughout West Virginia? We breakdown social security benefits by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least social security income per capita.

West Virginia Social Security
West Virginia Food Stamp Statistics

Food Stamps

West Virginia Food Stamp Statistics.

West Virginia Food Stamps

Food Stamp Recipients in West Virginia

Which areas receive the most food stamp public assistance in West Virginia? We breakdown food stamps by city and county statewide and rank communities with the most and least food and nutrional supplements given to residents.

West Virginia Food Stamps

Welfare Info