Poverty in Columbia, Maryland

What is the poverty rate in Columbia, Maryland?
The poverty rate in Columbia is 7.4%. One out of every 13.6 residents of Columbia lives in poverty.

How many people in Columbia, Maryland live in poverty?
7,565 of 102,563 Columbia residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Columbia compare to the rest of Maryland?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Maryland is 9.7%, meaning Columbia has a significantly lower than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Maryland.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate

Columbia, Maryland Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

7.5% 15.3%

2011

5.8% 29.0% 15.9%

2012

7.8% 34.0% 15.9%

2013

5.6% 37.0% 15.8%

2014

7.4% 30.0% 15.5%

2015

6.5% 13.0% 14.7%

2016

6.5% 0.0% 14.0%

2017

9.2% 40.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

28,256

14.8% 25.2% 27.4%

Asian

12,703

5.8% 11.9% 12.3%

Other

1,551

12.1% 23.8% 1.5%

Two Or More Races

4,718

10.6% 18.4% 4.6%

White

49,029

3.0% 10.3% 47.5%

Hispanic

8,476

8.6% 22.2% 8.2%

What's the Poverty Rate in Columbia, Maryland By Race?

14.8% of Black residents of Columbia, Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Columbia, Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 25.2%. 4,172 of 28,256 black Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 27.4% of the total population of Columbia, Maryland are black.

5.8% of Asian residents of Columbia, Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Columbia, Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 11.9%. 734 of 12,703 asian Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 12.3% of the total population of Columbia, Maryland are asian.

3.0% of White residents of Columbia, Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Columbia, Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 1,468 of 49,029 white Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 47.5% of the total population of Columbia, Maryland are white.

8.6% of Hispanic residents of Columbia, Maryland live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Columbia, Maryland is dramatically lower than the national average of 22.2%. 732 of 8,476 hispanic Marylanders live below the poverty line. Approximately 8.2% of the total population of Columbia, Maryland are hispanic.

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Columbia, Maryland?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Columbia, Maryland is 6.7%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Columbia, Maryland is 8.0%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Columbia, Maryland

Female residents of Columbia, Maryland are moderately(19%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

3,370 of 50,361 males in Columbia live below the poverty line.

4,195 of 52,202 females in Columbia live below the poverty line.

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Columbia can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 11.8%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 5.4%.

Poverty for younger ages in Columbia is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 6.7%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 13.4%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Columbia can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 8.1%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 10.3%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 17.2%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Columbia, Maryland have a Poverty Rate of 10.9%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Columbia, Maryland?

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

10.6%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

12.2%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

9.3%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

6.8%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

4.1%

75 to 84 Years Old

8.3%

Over 85 Years Old

10.5%

Columbia, Maryland Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Columbia, Maryland born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Columbia, Maryland who were born citizens of the United States is 6.5%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Columbia, Maryland who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 10.7%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Columbia, Maryland born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Columbia, Maryland have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 82,039 residents of Columbia, Maryland who were born citizens of the United States, 5,362 (6.5%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 2,203 (10.7%) of 20,524 residents of Columbia, Maryland who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Columbia, Maryland

The poverty rate in Columbia is 7.4%.
Columbia is in Howard County.
Maryland Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Howard County.
City Poverty Rate
Columbia 7.4%
Elkridge 5.9%
Ellicott City 4.2%
Fulton 4.7%
Ilchester 3.3%
North Laurel 6.2%
Savage 6.9%

Maryland Poverty Rate By County

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