Poverty in Brownsville, Texas

What is the poverty rate in Brownsville, Texas?
The poverty rate in Brownsville is 31.4%. One out of every 3.2 residents of Brownsville lives in poverty.

How many people in Brownsville, Texas live in poverty?
56,488 of 180,093 Brownsville residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Brownsville compare to the rest of Texas?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Texas is 16.0%, meaning Brownsville has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Texas.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate

Brownsville, Texas Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

38.6% 15.3%

2011

34.1% 13.0% 15.9%

2012

34.7% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

34.8% 0.0% 15.8%

2014

35.0% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

33.3% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

28.6% 16.0% 14.0%

2017

28.1% 1.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Asian

1,223

3.4% 11.9% 0.7%

Other

4,597

23.7% 23.8% 2.5%

Two Or More Races

1,160

21.2% 18.4% 0.6%

White

8,579

13.5% 10.3% 4.7%

Hispanic

169,286

32.6% 22.2% 93.0%

What's the Poverty Rate in Brownsville, Texas By Race?

3.4% of Asian residents of Brownsville, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Brownsville, Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 11.9%. 41 of 1,223 asian Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 0.7% of the total population of Brownsville, Texas is asian.

13.5% of White residents of Brownsville, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Brownsville, Texas is the same as than the national average. 1,154 of 8,579 white Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 4.7% of the total population of Brownsville, Texas are white.

32.6% of Hispanic residents of Brownsville, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Brownsville, Texas is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 55,157 of 169,286 hispanic Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 93.0% of the total population of Brownsville, Texas are hispanic.

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Brownsville, Texas?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Brownsville, Texas is 29.8%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Brownsville, Texas is 32.8%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Brownsville, Texas

Female residents of Brownsville, Texas are moderately(10%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

25,868 of 86,819 males in Brownsville live below the poverty line.

30,620 of 93,274 females in Brownsville live below the poverty line.

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Brownsville can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 38.1%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 27.2%.

Poverty for younger ages in Brownsville is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 48.7%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 48.1%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Brownsville can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 42.2%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 34.7%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 22.8%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Brownsville, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 11.1%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Brownsville, Texas?

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

44.1%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

48.1%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

38.1%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

26.0%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

23.4%

75 to 84 Years Old

29.5%

Over 85 Years Old

30.7%

Brownsville, Texas Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Brownsville, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Brownsville, Texas who were born citizens of the United States is 30.1%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Brownsville, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 34.4%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Brownsville, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Brownsville, Texas have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 126,842 residents of Brownsville, Texas who were born citizens of the United States, 38,159 (30.1%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 18,329 (34.4%) of 53,251 residents of Brownsville, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Brownsville, Texas

The poverty rate in Brownsville is 31.4%.
Brownsville is in Cameron County.
Texas Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Cameron County.
City Poverty Rate
Brownsville 31.4%
Cameron Park 46.5%
Combes 16.0%
Encantada-Ranchito-El Calaboz 44.1%
Harlingen 29.8%
La Feria 25.3%
Laguna Heights 39.4%
Laguna Vista 17.2%
La Paloma 31.3%
Las Palmas II 54.1%
Laureles 45.8%
Los Fresnos 34.3%
Olmito 28.8%
Palm Valley 5.2%
Port Isabel 30.1%
Primera 25.1%
Rancho Viejo 8.2%
Reid Hope King 42.1%
Rio Hondo 24.7%
San Benito 37.4%
Santa Rosa 44.4%
South Padre Island 10.8%
South Point 18.0%

Texas Poverty Rate By County

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