Poverty in Portland, Oregon

What is the poverty rate in Portland, Oregon?
The poverty rate in Portland is 16.2%. One out of every 6.2 residents of Portland lives in poverty.

How many people in Portland, Oregon live in poverty?
100,073 of 617,117 Portland residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Portland compare to the rest of Oregon?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Oregon is 14.9%, meaning Portland has a slightly higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Oregon.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate

Portland, Oregon Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

18.5% 15.3%

2011

19.9% 7.0% 15.9%

2012

17.7% 12.0% 15.9%

2013

18.2% 3.0% 15.8%

2014

18.3% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

15.8% 16.0% 14.7%

2016

14.7% 7.0% 14.0%

2017

14.7% 0.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

35,056

36.8% 25.2% 5.6%

American Indian

4,687

32.3% 26.8% 0.7%

Asian

48,186

18.8% 11.9% 7.6%

Pacific Islander

3,797

20.7% 19.0% 0.6%

Other

13,921

24.9% 23.8% 2.2%

Two Or More Races

33,074

20.8% 18.4% 5.2%

White

439,200

12.6% 10.3% 69.7%

Hispanic

59,542

26.3% 22.2% 9.4%

What's the Poverty Rate in Portland, Oregon By Race?

36.8% of Black residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 12,891 of 35,056 black Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 5.6% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are black.

18.8% of Asian residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 9,053 of 48,186 asian Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 7.6% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are asian.

12.6% of White residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Portland, Oregon is the same as than the national average. 55,126 of 439,200 white Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 69.7% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are white.

26.3% of Hispanic residents of Portland, Oregon live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Portland, Oregon is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 15,644 of 59,542 hispanic Oregonians live below the poverty line. Approximately 9.4% of the total population of Portland, Oregon are hispanic.

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Portland, Oregon?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Portland, Oregon is 15.4%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Portland, Oregon is 17.0%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Portland, Oregon

Female residents of Portland, Oregon are moderately(10%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

47,120 of 305,267 males in Portland live below the poverty line.

52,953 of 311,850 females in Portland live below the poverty line.

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Portland can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 24.4%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 13.7%.

Poverty for younger ages in Portland is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 14.1%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 19.2%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Portland can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 19.6%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 21.7%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 35.1%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Portland, Oregon have a Poverty Rate of 28.1%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Portland, Oregon?

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

18.1%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

19.3%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

20.8%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

16.3%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

12.5%

75 to 84 Years Old

13.2%

Over 85 Years Old

13.7%

Portland, Oregon Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Portland, Oregon born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Portland, Oregon who were born citizens of the United States is 15.1%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Portland, Oregon who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 22.9%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Portland, Oregon born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Portland, Oregon have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 530,122 residents of Portland, Oregon who were born citizens of the United States, 80,164 (15.1%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 19,909 (22.9%) of 86,995 residents of Portland, Oregon who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Portland, Oregon

The poverty rate in Portland is 16.2%.
Portland is in Clackamas County, Multnomah County, Washington County.
Oregon Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Clackamas County, Multnomah County, Washington County.
City Poverty Rate
Beavercreek 4.9%
Canby 10.9%
Damascus 8.1%
Estacada 14.5%
Gladstone 11.6%
Happy Valley 4.6%
Jennings Lodge 15.4%
Molalla 13.7%
Mount Hood Village 8.4%
Mulino 15.5%
Oak Grove 9.7%
Oatfield 6.6%
Oregon City 9.5%
Sandy 11.8%
Stafford 10.6%
West Linn 4.3%

Oregon Poverty Rate By County

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