Poverty in Birmingham, Alabama

What is the poverty rate in Birmingham, Alabama?
The poverty rate in Birmingham is 28.1%. One out of every 3.6 residents of Birmingham lives in poverty.

How many people in Birmingham, Alabama live in poverty?
57,730 of 205,203 Birmingham residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Birmingham compare to the rest of Alabama?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Alabama is 18.0%, meaning Birmingham has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Alabama.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate

Birmingham, Alabama Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

29.5% 15.3%

2011

32.0% 8.0% 15.9%

2012

31.2% 2.0% 15.9%

2013

30.7% 1.0% 15.8%

2014

30.5% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

29.2% 4.0% 14.7%

2016

24.5% 18.0% 14.0%

2017

25.4% 3.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

148,822

30.3% 25.2% 70.1%

Asian

1,636

16.7% 11.9% 0.8%

Other

2,882

40.9% 23.8% 1.4%

Two Or More Races

2,652

45.6% 18.4% 1.2%

White

45,227

19.0% 10.3% 21.3%

Hispanic

7,045

36.0% 22.2% 3.3%

What's the Poverty Rate in Birmingham, Alabama By Race?

30.3% of Black residents of Birmingham, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Birmingham, Alabama is the same as than the national average. 45,056 of 148,822 black Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 70.1% of the total population of Birmingham, Alabama are black.

16.7% of Asian residents of Birmingham, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Birmingham, Alabama is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 273 of 1,636 asian Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 0.8% of the total population of Birmingham, Alabama is asian.

19.0% of White residents of Birmingham, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Birmingham, Alabama is dramatically higher than the national average of 10.3%. 8,610 of 45,227 white Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 21.3% of the total population of Birmingham, Alabama are white.

36.0% of Hispanic residents of Birmingham, Alabama live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Birmingham, Alabama is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 2,539 of 7,045 hispanic Alabamians live below the poverty line. Approximately 3.3% of the total population of Birmingham, Alabama are hispanic.

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Birmingham, Alabama?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Birmingham, Alabama is 26.5%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Birmingham, Alabama is 29.6%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Birmingham, Alabama

Female residents of Birmingham, Alabama are moderately(11%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

25,744 of 97,121 males in Birmingham live below the poverty line.

31,986 of 108,082 females in Birmingham live below the poverty line.

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Birmingham can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 39.7%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 23.3%.

Poverty for younger ages in Birmingham is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 44.1%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 51.5%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Birmingham can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 39.8%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 32.1%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 35.2%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Birmingham, Alabama have a Poverty Rate of 31.4%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Birmingham, Alabama?

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

50.0%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

46.7%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

37.7%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

25.7%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

19.5%

75 to 84 Years Old

13.7%

Over 85 Years Old

13.6%

Birmingham, Alabama Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Birmingham, Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Birmingham, Alabama who were born citizens of the United States is 28.2%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Birmingham, Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 26.0%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Birmingham, Alabama born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Residents of Birmingham, Alabama who were born as US Citizens have a higher poverty rate than those who were born citizens of a country outside of the United States.

Of the 198,101 residents of Birmingham, Alabama who were born citizens of the United States, 55,885 (28.2%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 1,845 (26.0%) of 7,102 residents of Birmingham, Alabama who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Birmingham, Alabama

The poverty rate in Birmingham is 28.1%.
Birmingham is in Jefferson County, Shelby County.
Alabama Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Jefferson County, Shelby County.
City Poverty Rate
Adamsville 16.0%
Bessemer 29.7%
Brighton 32.3%
Brookside 25.9%
Center Point 27.0%
Clay 3.8%
Concord 4.7%
Fairfield 25.5%
Forestdale 15.4%
Fultondale 13.0%
Gardendale 9.6%
Grayson Valley 11.8%
Graysville 15.1%
Homewood 9.6%
Hueytown 14.5%
Irondale 18.2%
Kimberly 6.4%
Lipscomb 26.7%
Midfield 25.3%
Minor 6.5%
Morris 6.3%
Mountain Brook 3.7%
Mount Olive 9.9%
Pinson 6.7%
Pleasant Grove 6.1%
Rock Creek 10.6%
Sylvan Springs 4.9%
Tarrant 28.5%
Warrior 21.8%

Alabama Poverty Rate By County

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Birmingham Food Stamps

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