Poverty in Detroit, Michigan

What is the poverty rate in Detroit, Michigan?
The poverty rate in Detroit is 37.9%. One out of every 2.6 residents of Detroit lives in poverty.

How many people in Detroit, Michigan live in poverty?
252,897 of 668,133 Detroit residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Detroit compare to the rest of Michigan?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Michigan is 15.6%, meaning Detroit has a dramatically higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Michigan.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate

Detroit, Michigan Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

37.6% 15.3%

2011

40.9% 8.0% 15.9%

2012

42.3% 3.0% 15.9%

2013

40.7% 3.0% 15.8%

2014

39.3% 3.0% 15.5%

2015

39.8% 1.0% 14.7%

2016

35.7% 11.0% 14.0%

2017

34.5% 3.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

530,864

37.7% 25.2% 78.1%

American Indian

2,301

48.8% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

9,536

42.0% 11.9% 1.4%

Other

20,353

36.2% 23.8% 3.0%

Two Or More Races

12,598

42.3% 18.4% 1.9%

White

64,383

36.6% 10.3% 9.5%

Hispanic

51,124

39.1% 22.2% 7.5%

What's the Poverty Rate in Detroit, Michigan By Race?

37.7% of Black residents of Detroit, Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Detroit, Michigan is dramatically higher than the national average of 25.2%. 199,990 of 530,864 black Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 78.1% of the total population of Detroit, Michigan are black.

42.0% of Asian residents of Detroit, Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Detroit, Michigan is dramatically higher than the national average of 11.9%. 4,001 of 9,536 asian Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 1.4% of the total population of Detroit, Michigan is asian.

36.6% of White residents of Detroit, Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Detroit, Michigan is dramatically higher than the national average of 10.3%. 23,558 of 64,383 white Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 9.5% of the total population of Detroit, Michigan are white.

39.1% of Hispanic residents of Detroit, Michigan live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Detroit, Michigan is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 19,991 of 51,124 hispanic Michiganders live below the poverty line. Approximately 7.5% of the total population of Detroit, Michigan are hispanic.

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Detroit, Michigan?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Detroit, Michigan is 37.0%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Detroit, Michigan is 38.6%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Detroit, Michigan

Female residents of Detroit, Michigan are slightly(4%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

116,194 of 314,214 males in Detroit live below the poverty line.

136,703 of 353,919 females in Detroit live below the poverty line.

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Detroit can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 48.3%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 32.5%.

Poverty for younger ages in Detroit is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 57.5%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 55.2%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Detroit can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 51.7%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 48.2%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 37.2%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Detroit, Michigan have a Poverty Rate of 30.9%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Detroit, Michigan?

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

59.1%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

53.9%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

50.2%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

35.7%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

23.5%

75 to 84 Years Old

18.2%

Over 85 Years Old

19.7%

Detroit, Michigan Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Detroit, Michigan born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Detroit, Michigan who were born citizens of the United States is 37.9%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Detroit, Michigan who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 37.5%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Detroit, Michigan born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Residents of Detroit, Michigan who were born as US Citizens have a higher poverty rate than those who were born citizens of a country outside of the United States.

Of the 629,658 residents of Detroit, Michigan who were born citizens of the United States, 238,474 (37.9%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 14,423 (37.5%) of 38,475 residents of Detroit, Michigan who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Detroit, Michigan

The poverty rate in Detroit is 37.9%.
Detroit is in Wayne County.
Michigan Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Wayne County.
City Poverty Rate
Allen Park 6.6%
Belleville 15.2%
Dearborn 29.1%
Dearborn Heights 19.2%
Detroit 37.9%
Ecorse 36.8%
Garden City 10.8%
Gibraltar 8.8%
Grosse Pointe 3.7%
Grosse Pointe Farms 1.7%
Grosse Pointe Park 6.4%
Grosse Pointe Woods 4.1%
Hamtramck 50.9%
Harper Woods 13.3%
Highland Park 49.0%
Inkster 33.2%
Lincoln Park 19.9%
Livonia 5.4%
Melvindale 28.0%
Plymouth 4.5%
River Rouge 38.6%
Riverview 11.7%
Rockwood 4.2%
Romulus 18.7%
Southgate 11.4%
Taylor 19.8%
Trenton 6.6%
Wayne 23.8%
Westland 14.6%
Woodhaven 7.3%
Wyandotte 10.8%

Michigan Poverty Rate By County

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