Poverty in Houston, Texas

What is the poverty rate in Houston, Texas?
The poverty rate in Houston is 21.2%. One out of every 4.7 residents of Houston lives in poverty.

How many people in Houston, Texas live in poverty?
472,592 of 2,234,125 Houston residents reported income levels below the poverty line in the last year.

How does the poverty rate in Houston compare to the rest of Texas?
The Poverty Rate across the state of Texas is 16.0%, meaning Houston has a significantly higher than average percentage of residents below the poverty line when compared to the rest of Texas.

Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Historical Houston, Texas Poverty Rate

Houston, Texas Historical Poverty Rate
Year Poverty Rate YoY % Change National

2010

22.8% 15.3%

2011

23.8% 4.0% 15.9%

2012

23.5% 1.0% 15.9%

2013

22.4% 5.0% 15.8%

2014

22.4% 0.0% 15.5%

2015

21.2% 5.0% 14.7%

2016

20.8% 1.0% 14.0%

2017

20.6% 1.0% 13.4%
Source: 2010-2017 ACS 1 Year

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By Race

Race Population Poverty Rate National Poverty Rate Population

Black

507,726

26.1% 25.2% 22.4%

American Indian

7,616

24.7% 26.8% 0.3%

Asian

148,580

14.5% 11.9% 6.6%

Pacific Islander

1,115

24.0% 19.0% 0.0%

Other

214,755

27.4% 23.8% 9.5%

Two Or More Races

45,076

20.1% 18.4% 2.0%

White

554,142

8.8% 10.3% 24.4%

Hispanic

999,795

26.7% 22.2% 44.1%

What's the Poverty Rate in Houston, Texas By Race?

26.1% of Black residents of Houston, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of black residents in Houston, Texas is the same as than the national average. 132,555 of 507,726 black Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 22.4% of the total population of Houston, Texas are black.

14.5% of Asian residents of Houston, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of asian residents in Houston, Texas is the same as than the national average. 21,474 of 148,580 asian Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 6.6% of the total population of Houston, Texas are asian.

8.8% of White residents of Houston, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of white residents in Houston, Texas is dramatically lower than the national average of 10.3%. 48,918 of 554,142 white Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 24.4% of the total population of Houston, Texas are white.

26.7% of Hispanic residents of Houston, Texas live below the poverty line.

The Poverty Rate of hispanic residents in Houston, Texas is dramatically higher than the national average of 22.2%. 266,487 of 999,795 hispanic Texans live below the poverty line. Approximately 44.1% of the total population of Houston, Texas are hispanic.

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By Sex

What is the poverty rate for men vs women living in Houston, Texas?

Male

The Poverty Rate for men who live in Houston, Texas is 19.0%.

Female

The Poverty Rate for women who live in Houston, Texas is 23.3%.

Poverty Rate Disparity for Male vs Female Residents of Houston, Texas

Female residents of Houston, Texas are meaningfully(22%) more likely to live in poverty than males.

212,370 of 1,115,337 males in Houston live below the poverty line.

260,222 of 1,118,788 females in Houston live below the poverty line.

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By School Enrollment

Understanding where poverty hits hardest in Houston can be better understood by segmenting poverty by whether or not the resident is in school or not.

  • Enrolled in School in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 29.5%.
  • Not Enrolled in School in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 17.2%.

Poverty for younger ages in Houston is seen as the most undesirable for the future of the community.

  • Enrolled in Nursery School in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 26.8%.
  • Enrolled in Elementary School(Grades 1-4) in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 34.2%.

Poverty for developing children and young adults in Houston can have drastic impacts on graduation and college attendance rates.

  • Enrolled in Middle School(Grade 5-8) in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 33.8%.
  • Enrolled in High School (Grades 9-12) in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 28.0%.

Adult students in college, graduate or professional schools generally bring employers, revenue and higher living wages post-graduation and are seen as a positive to the community.

  • Enrolled in Undergraduate School in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 23.1%.
  • Enrolled in Graduate or Professional School in Houston, Texas have a Poverty Rate of 19.6%.
Source: 2017 ACS 5 Year

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

What's the Poverty Rate By Age in Houston, Texas?

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate Distribution by Age

Breakdown of Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By Age

Age Poverty Rate

Children Under 6

34.0%

Children 6 to 11 Years Old

34.0%

Adolescents 12 to 17 Years Old

31.5%

Adults 18 to 59 Years Old

17.9%

Adults 60 to 74 Years Old

13.6%

75 to 84 Years Old

14.4%

Over 85 Years Old

14.9%

Houston, Texas Poverty Rate By Place of Birth

What is the poverty rate for residents of Houston, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born?

US Citizen

The Poverty Rate for residents of Houston, Texas who were born citizens of the United States is 20.5%.

Foreign

The Poverty Rate for residents of Houston, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US is 22.8%.

Poverty Rate for residents of Houston, Texas born US Citizens vs Foreign-Born

Foreign-born residents of Houston, Texas have a higher poverty rate than those who were born US citizens.

Of the 1,576,564 residents of Houston, Texas who were born citizens of the United States, 322,575 (20.5%) had income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Conversely, 150,017 (22.8%) of 657,561 residents of Houston, Texas who were born citizens of a country other than the US reported income levels below the poverty line within the past year.

Poverty Rate in Houston, Texas

The poverty rate in Houston is 21.2%.
Houston is in Fort Bend County, Harris County, Montgomery County.
Texas Poverty Rate by City
Here is a comparison of Poverty Rate by city(minimum 1,000 residents) in Fort Bend County, Harris County, Montgomery County.
City Poverty Rate
Arcola 23.4%
Fifth Street 52.1%
Four Corners 13.6%
Fresno 11.7%
Fulshear 2.5%
Greatwood 2.3%
Meadows Place 4.6%
Needville 7.7%
New Territory 2.8%
Pecan Grove 5.1%
Pleak 28.0%
Richmond 21.6%
Rosenberg 16.2%
Sienna Plantation 8.1%
Sugar Land 6.0%
Weston Lakes 3.6%

Texas Poverty Rate By County

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